Spelman Takes Home Honda Campus AllStar Challenge Title

first_img Cory Booker launches Presidential campaign SEE ALSO:Hennessy Launches $10 Million Fellowship Program For HBCU StudentsHBCU Wins $1.6 Million Grant To Help Develop Black Professionals For Space Industry Twitter Reacts To Cory Booker’s Official Presidential Campaign Kickoff Spelman College Wins 30th Annual Honda Campus All-Star Challenge (HCASC), America’s Premier HBCU Academic Competition https://t.co/UC9mDBNbJX— HBCU Buzz (@HBCUBuzz) April 18, 2019 Students from Spelman College showed up and showed out at the annual Honda Campus All-Star Challenge National Championship Tournament in California. According to HBCU Buzz, students from the school won the competition and took a $75,000 institutional grant back to Atlanta. During the tournament—which is known as the nation’s top HBCU academic competition—students are quizzed on topics that include history, religion, science and culture. The Spelman team—whose players included Ariana Benson, Jessika Agyepong, Naomi Steplight, and Maati McKinney—beat 47 other HBCUs to take home the title. Daniel Bascelli served as the team’s coach. “Winning itself isn’t the only reward. It’s about bringing these students together and watching them represent their school in the best possible way,” Bascelli said in a statement, according to the news outlet. “The spirit at Spelman is really strong. If you talk to the students, the feeling for Spelman, the feeling for HCBCUs and the support that Honda gives them is all a part of the pride that they feel.” Florida A&M University, Jackson State University and Morehouse College rounded out the top four.The competition, which has been in existence for 30 years, was created as an avenue for Honda to make an impact in the lives of students who attend historically Black colleges and universities. “Through HCASC, students are given an opportunity to demonstrate the value of their HBCU experience, represent their schools on a national stage, and connect with like-minded peers,” Steve Morikawa, VP of Corporate Relations and Social Responsibility, American Honda, said in a statement. “We look forward to celebrating the HCASC legacy and the friendships we’ve made over the past 30 years.”Through the competition, Honda has awarded $8 million in grants to HBCUs and 125,000 students have participated. Several companies are making an effort to contribute to the education of HBCU students. Hennessy teamed up with the Thurgood Marshall College Fund for the creation of a graduate fellowship program. Education , HBCU , Honda Campus All-Star Challenge National Championship Tournament , Spelman , Spelman Collegelast_img read more

Reward offered for return of American tourists who went missing in Barbados

first_imgShareTweetSharePinSuarez (r) and Devil went missing on June 24 in Barbados after going for a Jet Ski rideThe relatives of 32-year old American tourist, Oscar Suarez who, along with his 25-year old companion, Magdalena Devil, went missing in Barbados about three weeks ago, are offering a reward for Suarez’s return.Suarez and Devil were last seen at about 3 pm on Monday June 24 riding on a Blue 2016 YAMAHA Jet Ski (#162 H) in HoleTown Beach, Barbados and have not yet been located.Personnel from the French Navy reported to the Barbados Coast Guard that a jet ski bearing the registration number of the one that Suarez and his companion were riding, on June 24, with two American tourists aboard, was spotted off the coast of Guadeloupe.A cousin of Suarez, Andrew Aguilar, who lives in Florida, told DNO that Suarez and his friend were planning a vacation for a bout a year now and initially were going to the Dominican Republic but at the last minute, changed their plans. With everything going on in the country [Dominican Republic] presently, he said the pair switched their destination to Barbados.They arrived in Barbados on Saturday June 22nd and on Monday June 24th they rented a Jet ski very close to their hotel; The Discovery Bay hotel. They rented the Jet Ski at 2:34 pm, and at 2:55 pm they were reported missing.“So ever since then they’ve been searching. We’ve been doing everything we can possibly do; Barbados been doing everything they can possibly do and we just been searching and searching. We just found out recently that I believe it was last Sunday, I don’t know the exact date, but it was broadcast that the jet ski was found just about two miles of Guadeloupe,” Anguilar told DNO.He said he is trying to get the word out, to all the islands nearby and broadcast it to them, the people of the Dominica, Martinique, Saint Lucia, Guadeloupe to try and bring his cousin back.The family is hoping that the missing friends are still alive.“There was no life jacket that was found; they were not found. I feel like in my heart he’s on land somewhere, he’s in somebody’s care or somewhere living in the forest or rain forest or somewhere they’ve found a water source,” Aguilar maintained. “They’ve found food and everyday that passes, they are suffering and so we all have hope. We want answers; we want to know what happened. We want to bring him home and we won’t stop until we bring him home no matter what it is,” he insisted.A $100 000 reward is being offered for their return. Aguilar and his family believe that the couple may have been kidnapped. He said the reward has been put in place in case someone is out looking for ransom for the missing couple.“There is no price on a life but we would do anything possible to bring him back, to continue our lives with him here alive. So we feel like if he was kidnapped and whoever kidnapped them [and] see the reward, they would bring them back,” Andrew explained.last_img read more

Idukki custodial death Crime Branch arrests two police officers

first_img Related News On Wednesday, after prolonged pressure from the Opposition parties to arrest the culprits, the Crime Branch arrested KA Sabu, former sub-inspector of Nedumkandam police station, and Sajeev Antony, a civil police officer at the station. Investigators are on the lookout for more senior officers who might have been involved in the torture of Rajkumar while he was in police custody and for those who attempted to destroy evidence.K Rajkumar (49) was taken into police custody at Nedumkandam on June 12 in connection with a chit fund fraud case and was illegally detained until his formal arrest on June 15. A magistrate remanded him to judicial custody for two weeks a day later. Rajkumar reportedly died from an infection due to severe physical trauma on June 21, after he was admitted to a taluk hospital in Peermade. Doctors who conducted his post-mortem found 22 injuries.The Kerala Assembly has been on standstill as ruling and Opposition parties have been engaging in verbal clashes over the incident. The Congress, in the Opposition, has alleged the local CPM leaders in Nedumkandam pressurised the police to illegally detain and torture Rajkumar in custody. There have also been allegations that Rajkumar’s family was being pressured by local CPM leaders to withdraw the police torture case they had registered. Chief Minister Pinarayi Vijayan has promised strict action against the erring policemen.This is the second incident of alleged custodial torture in the state in the last two years. In a case of mistaken identity in April last year, a youth named Sreejith was arrested from Varapuzha and later beaten mercilessly in custody. He later succumbed to injuries at a private hospital. kerala custodial death, kerala custodial deaths, idukki, idukki custodial deaths, pinarayi vijayan, cpm, congress, police officers arrested, indian express news K Rajkumar (49) was taken into police custody at Nedumkandam on June 12 in connection with a chit fund fraud case and was illegally detained until his formal arrest on June 15.Nearly two weeks after a private financier died following alleged torture in police custody in Idukki district of Kerala, two police officers, including a sub-inspector, were arrested by a special Crime Branch unit in connection with the incident on Wednesday. Advertising World Bank to offer $250 million to Kerala for disaster management By Express Web Desk |Kochi | Published: July 3, 2019 4:34:48 pm Kerala to bring in Anti-Superstition Bill; draft bill submitted Weather Forecast Today HIGHLIGHTS: Red alert in six Kerala districts, Delhi-NCR wakes up to light rain 0 Comment(s)last_img read more

Greeces experiment with populism holds lessons for Europe

first_imgBy New York Times |Athens, Greece | Published: July 10, 2019 10:18:13 am Best Of Express greece, election, greece election, greece election results, athens, populism, europe, european union, left party, alexis tsipras, syriza party, politics, portugal, immigrants, immigrant policies, anti immigrant policies, spain, italy, united states, washington, markets, euro, debt, greek economy, world news, indian express news Alexis Tsipras ceded the office of prime minister Monday to the New Democracy leader, Kyriakos Mitsotakis. (The New York Times)Written by Matina Stevis-Gridneff and Steven Erlanger More Explained Taking stock of monsoon rain Greek police fire tear gas at migrants as border convoy grows If Greece has returned to normality, the new normal in some ways is a lot like the old, with Greece reverting to being a peripheral European country that no longer has the potential to destabilize global markets or bring down the euro.“The last four years have been a waste and totally unnecessary,” said Maria Demertzis, deputy director of Bruegel, an economic research institute in Brussels, who is herself Greek. “Tsipras learned fast, but not before he had inflicted such a cost on the economy.”Facing a choice between default on its debt in a crisis that began in 2010, and another bailout from creditors that would bring more austerity, Tsipras called for a referendum in 2015 and asked Greeks to reject it.They did, only to have Tsipras accept even harsher terms to avoid expulsion from the eurozone, ushering in even tougher austerity policies and costing the economy billions of euros after he put the financial system on lockdown, destroying confidence in banks.Tsipras ultimately did little, despite promises to Brussels and the International Monetary Fund, to confront and restructure Greece’s large civil service and its clientelist economy.In many ways, Demertzis said, it was the waste of a crisis that could have been used to modernize the Greek state. For that reason, even though Greeks may be poor and exhausted by the long debt crisis, “there will be no honeymoon,” for the next prime minister, she said.While the economy is again showing modest growth, expected to be about 2% this year, Greece’s national output shrank by one-quarter during the crisis. Poverty is rife; unemployment, at around 18%, is the highest in the eurozone; and many of Greece’s smartest and best-educated are working abroad.Mitsotakis, who is business-friendly, intends to try to unblock some of the privatization projects Tsipras agreed to but never carried out. And he has promised to reduce the primary surplus — the budget surplus without counting debt service — to 2.5% from the current 3.5% of GDP demanded by Greece’s creditors, in an effort to free up more space for the tax cuts he has promised the middle class.“He is right that the middle class in Greece needs saving,” Demertzis said. “But it has to be done in agreement” with Brussels, which has so far said that no changes can be made to the bailout deal. “Mitsotakis has said he won’t do it right away, to gain credibility with the creditors first,” she said. “But it’s not his decision alone.”Mitsotakis’ biggest challenge is likely to be trying to change an overregulated and dysfunctional state as he tries to deliver quickly on promises of investments and reforms that will create higher-paying jobs.Panos Tsakloglou, who teaches economics at Athens University and served as chairman of the Greek council of economic advisers from 2012 to 2014, says Tsipras’ government could not have pushed through public-sector reforms it did not believe in.“To do market liberalization, you need to believe in market liberalization,” he said.“Mitsotakis will be better placed to go ahead with some of these reforms, he understands what kind of reforms are needed and knows how to do them,” he said.And while Mitsotakis may be able to cut taxes as promised, if the international creditors decide to give him a little space to build goodwill, that is unlikely to be enough to speed up Greece’s growth or create decently paying jobs.Demertzis noted that Mitsotakis had already moved to reduce the size of government with a smaller Cabinet and has said that he will establish his office not in Maximos Mansion, but in the ministry for reform.At the same time, said Leonard of the European Council on Foreign Relations, the European Union itself has learned from the Greek crisis that “you need to have a more balanced economic deal.” Greece, he said, “was an important petri dish for strict German economics, which haven’t succeeded.”The actions of the European Central Bank have been crucial in restoring some stability by “allowing a bit more oxygen into the system,” he said, while noting that the most successful countries that had market-enforced austerity, like Spain and Portugal, were not led by populist governments and “now look mainstream.”It is difficult to generalize too much from the Greek example, Leonard said. But it is also striking that a once-derided center-right party, New Democracy, could return to power with a majority.Greece appeared to be back to what is a traditional two-party system, with the transformed Syriza taking over the role of the center-left opposition from the nearly defunct Pasok, which has suffered many of the same problems as other traditional socialist parties in Europe, like Germany’s Social Democrats. The Tsipras experiment may hold important lessons for Europe and its new ranks of anti-establishment populists. While many, as in Italy, gleefully thumb their noses at the European Union and its rules, once in power the risks of following through on their rebelliousness may corral them from the extremes.Greece represented a special, wrenching case, but its experience showed that, especially for small countries, if you are in the eurozone, “you’re not free to run a radical financial policy,” said Charles Grant, the director of the Center for European Reform. “The combination of EU rules and the financial markets forced a kind of orthodoxy on Greece, and will probably work similarly with Italy.”The other major lesson, Grant said, is that “the idea of a small country leaving the euro, whatever the good and bad of the euro, is bonkers, and that the euro itself is not going to fall to pieces.”Mujtaba Rahman, managing director for Europe of Eurasia Group, underlined the point. “The Syriza experiment is consistent with the experience of other EU member states that also tried to defy the EU and capital markets and failed — such as Portugal, and more recently, Italy,” he said. Greeks vote in 1st parliamentary election since bailout end After Masood Azhar blacklisting, more isolation for Pakistan Greece recognizes Venezuela’s Juan Guaido as interim president Karnataka trust vote today: Speaker’s call on resignations, says SC, but gives rebel MLAs a shield Advertising Cabinet asks finance panel to consider securing funds for defence “When the EU and capital markets align, in seeking changes that will make a country’s finances more sustainable or improving the environment in which the private sector operates, governments — no matter how radical — have no real choice but to reform,” Rahman said. “Greece’s experience is a cautionary tale, but Portugal’s, Spain’s and Italy’s have all been, too.”While all populists are hardly the same, and many of Europe’s newer ones, as in Hungary, have come to power on anti-immigrant policies, Greece could be an indication that populists in power can end up behaving responsibly, said Mark Leonard, the director of the European Council on Foreign Relations.“Populists are not always as scary in office as they may appear,” he said, noting the continuing populist experiment in much-larger Italy, where euroskeptics are in power but remain reluctant to challenge the European Union and the budget rules of the euro.Tsipras won praise in Brussels and Washington for his transformation into an establishment politician, a shape shift that some regard as betrayal. His critics say that transformation came only after he did severe damage to the Greek economy. Advertising Related News With a quiet handshake at the door of Maximos Mansion on a tree-lined street in central Athens, Alexis Tsipras ceded the office of prime minister Monday to the New Democracy leader, Kyriakos Mitsotakis.It was the kind of uneventful handover of power that heralded Greece’s return to normality after being ground zero of one of the most tumultuous periods in global economic history.The election victory Sunday by a traditional center-right party was the end of Greece’s flirtation with radical left-wing populist politics, even as the radicals of Tsipras’ Syriza party transformed themselves into a mainstream force of the center-left. Advertising “We’re back to the two-party system we had before the crisis,” Demertzis said. “Is that good or bad? It’s hard to say. But it’s what Greece knows, and it provides stability.” Post Comment(s)last_img read more

Uttar Pradesh Three undertrials escape after killing 2 police escorts

first_img Advertising Advertising Salve hails verdict, says ICJ protected Jadhav from being executed Jharkhand court drops ‘donate Quran’ condition for bail to Ranchi woman over offensive post Uttar Pradesh: Pratapgarh SP removed after VHP leader’s murder Gangster, 3 who helped him escape killed: UP cops Related News Uttar pradesh, UP undertrials escape, UP police, UP jailbreak, prisoner escapes, Sambhal undertrials escape, indian express The three undertrials have been identified as Kamal Singh, Shakeel and Dharam Pal Singh, all residents of Behjoi village in Bijnor district. They were lodged in Moradabad jail since 2014 and are facing murder charge.Three undertrials escaped from police custody after gunning down two constables using their service rifles in a police van in Sambhal on Wednesday afternoon. Written by AMIT SHARMA | Meerut | Published: July 18, 2019 3:03:29 amcenter_img According to one of the constables, Khoob Singh, who was in the prison van and survived the attack, the three undertrials suddenly snatched the service weapons from constables Harendra Singh and Brijpal and shot them, before escaping with the weapons.Singh told the SP that the criminals were also carrying a country-made pistol and a knife which could have been provided by their relatives at the court.Police said that the three had been planning the escape for the last three days.Police have launched a combing operation in the area to track the fugitives. Post Comment(s) ‘Truth, justice have prevailed’: PM Modi on Kulbhushan Jadhav verdict “We have formed four police teams to trace the undertrials, and sent a separate police party to their village. We are hopeful of arresting the fugitives very soon,” Prasad told The Indian Express over phone.“All the entry and exit points of Sambhal have been sealed, and we have sought details of those who have recently met the undertials in Moradabad jail,” the SP said.The Uttar Pradesh government announced a compensation of Rs 50 lakh each to the next of kin of the deceased constables, besides a government job for a dependent family member and “extraordinary pensions” to their wives, an official spokesman said.Principal Secretary (Home) Arvind Kumar said that the state government has directed the Sambhal SP to take prompt action. The incident took place near Dewakheda village, under Baniyather police station area, when five constables were returning to Moradabad jail in a police van with 24 undertrials after a hearing at a court in Chandausi, police said.“The three prisoners were carrying spice powder and used it against fellow inmates and policemen. After they overpowered the two policemen, it appears that they shot them using their weapons. Further investigation is underway,” Sambhal SP Yamuna Prasad said.The three undertrials have been identified as Kamal Singh, Shakeel and Dharam Pal Singh, all residents of Behjoi village in Bijnor district. They were lodged in Moradabad jail since 2014 and are facing murder charge. ‘Abduction, gangrape’ on Mainpuri Highway: Attempt to murder case against SO, 3 constables Best Of Express last_img read more

Twitter to Test Drive DoubleWide Tweets

first_imgIt’s not clear how users will react to the increased character limit. While some clearly have longed for an increase in the limit, others oppose it, arguing that the requirement to condense information into short bursts is what made Twitter unique in the social media space.”Not to sound like a nostalgist, but from a user standpoint, I think this is another change for the worse,” said Rick Edmonds, media business analyst at Poynter.The proposed change may be a response to pressure to continue a growth pattern, but the 140-character limit and the chronological display were what made Twitter distinctive, he told TechNewsWorld.”Twitter excels at helping users get the most ideas in the shortest time,” noted Wayne Kurtzman, research director for social and experiential solutions at IDC.”Brevity is a strength, and people love that strength,” he told TechNewsWorld.Depending on how the increase is implemented, Twitter risks harming the relationship it has with is base users, Kurtzman said.If only the first 140 characters were displayed in large tweets, the change could work, he suggested. The responsibility then would shift to the author to “front load the tweet with relevance.”On the other hand, a growing body of users feel constrained by the 140-character limit, observed Michael Jude, research manager at Stratecast/Frost & Sullivan..”The latest trend towards consecutive tweets indicates that many topics simply don’t fit 140 characters,” he told TechNewsWorld. “Raising the limit will probably be popular with users.”There are strong arguments on both sides of the issue, said Kevin Krewell, principal analyst at Tirias Research.The 280-character limit will make it easier for users who tend to favor multiple-entry tweet storms, he told TechNewsWorld, but that could negate part of the appeal of Twitter, which is the compressed nature of the posts. Lost in Translation Twitter’s internal data show that only 0.4 percent of tweets sent in Japanese were 140 characters long, while 9 percent of English language tweets were 140 characters, Rosen and Ihara wrote.The character limit has been a major source of frustration for English language users, based on the company’s research, but Japanese users don’t have similar complaints, they added.When they are not limited to140 characters, more people tweet, Rosen and Ihara noted.Twitter wants to test the change with a small number of users before taking it company wide, they said. They did not elaborate on how many people would participate in the testing or what the criteria would be for selecting them. Twitter on Tuesday announced a limited test to double the maximum tweet size to 280 characters.Twitter has been struggling to boost user engagement for the last couple of years, and its tweet character limitation has been the subject of a longstanding debate among customers and company insiders.One reason for the possible change is to correct for the imbalance between applying the maximum character count to Asian characters — like Japanese, Chinese and Korean — and applying it to characters in western languages like English, Spanish, Portugese or French, noted Twitter Product Manager Aliza Rosen and Senior Software Engineer Ikuhiro Ihara in an online post.Because of the meanings attached to characters, users are able to convey twice as much information in a tweet rendered in Asian languages, they pointed out. Because of that difference, Twitter plans to test doubling the character limit for all languages except Japanese, Chinese and Korean.The change is minor from a technical standpoint, but it could dramatically change the way users can express themselves, noted Twitter CEO Jack Dorsey.This is a small change, but a big move for us. 140 was an arbitrary choice based on the 160 character SMS limit. Proud of how thoughtful the team has been in solving a real problem people have when trying to tweet. And at the same time maintaining our brevity, speed, and essence! https://t.co/TuHj51MsTu— jack (@jack) September 26, 2017center_img Get Shorty? David Jones is a freelance writer based in Essex County, New Jersey. He has written for Reuters, Bloomberg, Crain’s New York Business and The New York Times.last_img read more

The Routers ObstacleStrewn Route to Home IoT Security

first_imgThere is some promise in these proposed security controls, but it’s doubtful that router manufacturers actually would equip consumer routers to deliver them, said Shawn Davis, director of forensics at Edelson and adjunct industry professor at the Illinois Institute of Technology.Specifically, VLAN tagging is not supported in almost any home router devices on the market, he told LinuxInsider, and segmenting IoT from the primary network would be impossible without it.”Most router manufacturers at the consumer level don’t support reading VLAN tags, and most IoT devices don’t support VLAN tagging, unfortunately,” Davis said.”They both could easily bake in that functionality at the software level. Then, if all IoT manufacturers could agree to tag all IoT devices with a particular VLAN ID, and all consumer routers could agree to route that particular tag straight to the Internet, that could be an easy way for consumers to have all of their IoT devices automatically isolated from their personal devices,” he explained.VLAN tagging is not restricted by any hardware limitations, as Davis pointed out, but is merely a matter of enabling the software to handle it. Just because the manufacturers can switch on VLAN tagging in software, that doesn’t mean it will be an easy matter to convince them to do so.It’s unlikely that router manufacturers will be willing to do so for their home router lines and, unsurprisingly, it has to do with money, he said.”A lot of the major companies produce consumer as well as corporate routers,” Davis noted. “I think they could easily include VLAN functionality in consumer routers but often don’t in order to justify the cost increase for feature-rich business level hardware.”Most router manufacturers see advanced functionality like VLAN tagging as meriting enterprise pricing due to the careful development that it requires to meet businesses’ stricter operational requirements. On top of that, considering the low average technical literacy of home users, router manufacturers have reason to think that power user features in home routers simply wouldn’t be used, or would be misconfigured.”Aside from the pricing tier differences,” Davis said, “they also might be thinking, ‘Well, if we bake in VLANs and other enterprise-based features, most consumers might not even know how to configure them, so why even bother?'”Beyond cajoling router makers to enable VLAN tagging and any other enterprise-grade features needed to realize Alexander’s setup, success also would hinge on each manufacturer’s implementation of the features, both in form and function, Davis emphasized.”I think each manufacturer would have different flows in their GUIs for setting up isolated VLANs, which wouldn’t be the easiest for consumers to follow when switching across different brands,” he said. “I think if IoT security was more standards-based or automatic by default between devices and routers, overall security in consumer devices would greatly improve.”Securing both of these concessions from router manufacturers would likely come down to ratifying standards across the industry, whether formally or informally, as Davis sees it.”The different standards boards could potentially get together and try to pitch an IoT security standard to the router and IoT device manufacturers, and try to get them to include it in their products,” he said. “Aside from a new standard, there could potentially be a consortium where a few of the major manufacturers include advanced IoT device isolation in the hopes that others would follow suit.” IoT Security Standards? Network Segmentation Jonathan Terrasi has been an ECT News Network columnist since 2017. His main interests are computer security (particularly with the Linux desktop), encryption, and analysis of politics and current affairs. He is a full-time freelance writer and musician. His background includes providing technical commentaries and analyses in articles published by the Chicago Committee to Defend the Bill of Rights. In Alexander’s home IoT security schema, which he unveiled at Chicago’s THOTCON hacking conference this spring, zero-trust chiefly takes the form of network segmentation, a practice which enterprise networks long have relied on.In particular, he advocates for router manufacturers to provide a way for home users to create two separate SSIDs (one for each segment) either automatically or with a simple user-driven GUI, akin to the one already included for basic network provisioning (think your 192.168.1.1 Web GUI).One would be the exclusive host for desktop and mobile end-user devices, while the other would contain only the home’s IoT devices, and never the twain shall meet.Critically, Alexander’s solution largely bypasses the IoT manufacturers themselves, which is by design. It’s not because IoT manufacturers should be exempted from improving their development practices — on the contrary, they should be expected to do their part. It’s because they haven’t proven able to move fast enough to meet consumer security needs.”My thoughts and talk here is kind of in response to our current state of the world, and my expectations of any hope for the IoT manufacturers is long term, whereas for router manufacturers and home network equipment it is more short term,” he said.Router manufacturers have been much more responsive to consumer security needs, in Alexander’s view. However, anyone who has ever tried updating router firmware can point to the minimal attention these incremental patches often receive from developers as a counterclaim.Aside from that issue, router manufacturers typically integrate new features like updated 802.11 and WPA specifications fairly quickly, if for no other reason than to give consumers the latest and greatest tech.”I think a lot of [router] companies are going to be open to implementing good, secure things, because they know as well as the security community does … that these IoT devices aren’t going to get better, and these are going to be threats to our networks,” Alexander said.So how would home routers actually implement network segmentation in practice? According to Alexander’s vision, unless confident consumers wanted to strike out on their own and tackle advanced configuration options, their router simply would establish two SSIDs on router setup. In describing this scenario, he dubbed the SSIDs “Eldridge” and “Eldridge IoT,” along the lines of the more traditional “Home” and “Home-Guest” convention.The two SSIDs are just the initial and most visible (to the consumer) part of the structure. The real power comes from the deployment of VLANs respective to each SSID. The one containing the IoT devices, “Eldridge IoT” in this case, would not allow devices on it to send any packets to the primary VLAN (on “Eldridge”).Meanwhile, the primary VLAN either would be allowed to communicate with the IoT VLAN directly or, preferably, would relay commands through an IoT configuration and management service on the router itself. This latter management service also could take care of basic IoT device setup to obviate as much direct user intervention as possible.The router “would also spin up an app service such as Mozilla Web Things or Home Assistant, or something custom by the vendor, and it would make that be the proxy gateway,” Alexander said. “You would rarely need to actually talk from the primary Eldridge VLAN over into the Eldridge IoT VLAN. You would actually just talk to the Web interface that would then communicate over to the IoT VLAN on your behalf.”By creating a distinct VLAN exclusively for IoT devices, this configuration would insulate home user laptops, smartphones, and other sensitive devices on the primary VLAN from compromise of one of their IoT devices. This is because any rogue IoT device would be blocked from sending any packets to the primary VLAN at the data link layer of the OSI pyramid, which it should have no easy way to circumvent.It would be in router manufacturers’ interests to enable this functionality, said Alexander, since it would offer them a signature feature. If bundled in a home router, it would provide consumers with a security feature that a growing number of them actually would benefit from, all while asking very little of them in the way of technical expertise. It ostensibly would be turned on along with the router.”I think that’s a valuable incentive to the router manufacturers for distinguishing themselves in a crowded marketplace,” Alexander said. “Between Linksys and Belkin and some of the other manufacturers, there’s not a whole lot of [distinction] between pricing, so offering home assistant and security is a great [distinction] that they could potentially use.”center_img It is newly minted conventional wisdom that not a single information security conference goes by without a presentation about the abysmal state of Internet of Things security. While this is a boon for researchers looking to make a name for themselves, this sorry state of affairs is definitely not beneficial for anyone who owns a connected device.IoT device owners aren’t the only ones fed up, though. Right behind them is Eldridge Alexander, manager of Duo Labs at Duo Security. Even better, he has a plan, and the experience to lend it some credibility.Before assuming his current role at Duo Security, Alexander held various IT posts at Google and Cloudflare. For him, the through-line that ties together his past and present IT work is the security gains that accrue from aligning all of a network’s security controls with the principle of zero-trust.”I’ve basically been living and breathing zero-trust for the last several years,” Alexander told LinuxInsider.Simply put, “zero-trust” is the idea that to the furthest extent possible, devices should not be trusted to be secure, and they should be treated as such. There are many ways zero-trust can manifest, as it is not so much a singular technique as a guiding principle, but the idea is to leave yourself as invulnerable to the compromise of any one device as possible.A recurring theme among his past few employers, this understandably has left its mark on Alexander, to the point where it positively permeates his plan for IoT security on home networks. His zeal for zero-trust comes to home networks at just the right time.Although consumer IoT adoption has been accelerating, zero-trust has yet to factor into most consumer networking tech, Alexander observed, and we’re getting to the point where we can’t afford for it not to.”Investigating not really new threats but increased amount of threats in IoT and home networks, I’ve been really interested in seeing how we could apply some of these very enterprise-focused principles and philosophies to home networks,” he noted. Alexander’s THOTCON presentation touched on the 5G connectivity that many predict IoT will integrate, but in exploring the viability of alternatives to his setup, Davis quickly gravitated toward Alexander’s proposal.Connecting to IoT devices via 5G certainly would keep them away from home users’ laptop- and smartphone-bearing networks, Davis acknowledged, but it would present other challenges. As anyone who has ever browsed Shodan can tell you, always-on devices with seldom-changed default credentials connected directly to the public Internet have their downsides.”Having your IoT devices isolated with your home-based devices is great, but there is still the possibly of the IoT devices being compromised,” Davis said. “If they are publicly accessible and have default credentials, they could then be used in DDoS attacks.”Enabling IoT for direct 5G Internet connections doesn’t necessarily improve the security of end-user devices, Davis cautioned. IoT owners will still need to send commands to their IoT devices from their laptops or smartphones, and all 5G does is change the protocol that is employed for doing so.”IoT devices using cellular 4G or 5G connections are another method of isolation,” he said, “but keep in mind, then the devices are relying even more on ZigBee, Z-Wave or Bluetooth Low Energy to communicate with other IoT devices in a home, which can lead to other security issues within those wireless protocols.”Indeed, Bluetooth Low Energy has its share of flaws, and at the end of the day protocols don’t impact security as much as the security of the devices that speak it.Regardless of how the information security community chooses to proceed, it is constructive to look to other points in the connectivity pipeline between IoT devices and user access to them for areas where attack surfaces can be reduced. Especially when weighed against the ease of inclusion for the necessary software, router manufacturers undoubtedly can do more to protect users in cases where IoT largely hasn’t so far.”I think a lot of the security burden is falling on the consumer who simply wants to plug in their device and not have to configure any particular security features,” Davis said. “I think the IoT device manufacturers and the consumer router and access point manufacturers can do a lot more to try to automatically secure devices and help consumers secure their networks.” Risk Reductionlast_img read more

New strategy to hinder emergence of antimicrobialresistant pathogens

first_imgReviewed by Alina Shrourou, B.Sc. (Editor)Nov 17 2018Findings point to possibility of new ‘anti-evolution drugs’ to keep hard-to-treat pathogens from arisingWith many disease-causing bacteria ratcheting up their shields against current drugs, new tactics are vital to protect people from treatment-resistant infections.Lowering mutation rates in harmful bacteria might be an as yet untried way to hinder the emergence of antimicrobial-resistant pathogens. This proposed strategy comes from recent findings in infectious disease research at UW Medicine in Seattle.The report on this work is published this week in Molecular Cell, one of the journals of Cell Press. The lead author is Mark N. Ragheb, an M.D./Ph.D. student at the University of Washington School of Medicine. The senior researcher is Houra Merrikh, associate professor of microbiology at the UW medical school.While most efforts against antimicrobial resistance concentrate on producing better antibiotics, the scientists note, “History shows that resistance arises regardless of the nature or potency of new drugs.”Deaths from antibiotic-resistant infections, they explain, have reached alarming numbers worldwide, and show signs of surpassing mortality from other causes by mid-century.In looking for another approach to combating this public health threat, the team of microbiologists, genome scientists, pathobiologists and molecular and cellular biologists found evidence for a key promoter of mutations in many different bacteria. This protein factor, DNA translocase Mfd, seems to speed resistance in diverse species toward every antibiotic that was tested.The researchers call bacterial proteins like Mfd “evolvability factors” because, by increasing mutation rates, they propel the evolution of bacteria. Unlike many multicellular organisms, bacteria evolve quickly. This allows their species to survive or escape suddenly changing conditions, scarcity of nutrients and hostile environments — including attempts to destroy them with antibiotics or immune responses.Many types of bacteria produce Mfd, an indication of its important physiological role in cells. While it was once thought to assist in DNA repair, cells missing it are not more sensitive to DNA damaging agents. Those with too much of it are actually more prone to DNA damage.In studying what is behind trimethoprim resistance, for example, the researchers saw that potent, alternative genes that accelerate antibiotic resistance failed to crop up when Mfd was absent. In certain wild type strains of bacteria with Mfd that were studied, those that gained these so called hypermutator alleles had a mutation rate that was more than 1,000 times that of their ancestral strain.The researchers estimated that roughly half of the strains under study developed hypermutator alleles during the course of becoming resistant to trimethoprim. These strains also accumulated a high number of mutations across their genomes. Strains lacking Mfd were unlikely to form these hypermutator alleles.The researchers noted, “Generating hypermutation may offer an adaptive strategy to evolve high-level antibiotic resistance, and Mfd might promote this phenomenon.”Related StoriesStudy looks into evolution of sex and transmissible cancerAntibiotic combination effective against drug-resistant PseudomonasStudy: Surveillance for antibiotic-resistant bacteria continues to be core focus for healthcare facilitiesIn other aspects of their project, the scientists reported that Mfd depends on certain other proteins that work on the bacteria’s genetic machinery in order to carry out its job in antibiotic resistance. Mdf’s role also might possibly be enhanced or even exaggerated during bacterial infections of living things, in comparison to what happens when these bugs live in lab dishes.Also, the data acquired in this research project seem to show that the role of Mfd in increasing mutations and promoting antibiotic resistance is highly conserved across bacterial species, and is not specific to only a few types of pathogens.Among the several pathogens studied, the researchers were particularly interested in the mycobacterium that causes tuberculosis. They discovered what they describe as a “striking” difference in resistance to a representative antibiotic — rifampicin — in strains with and without Mfd.The finding that Mfd is critical to the development of antibiotic resistance in mycobacterium TB could have potential clinical implications, the researchers noted.Exactly how Mfd encourages mutations and antibiotic resistance is still unclear. One explanation put forth is that it sets the stage for error-prone repair of DNA, even at sites without damage. Or it could interfere with other biochemical pathways for fixing DNA.The evolutionary assays in this study tried to mimic the variable concentrations of antibiotics that are common during treatment of infections in patients. It’s possible that Mfd may play a role in producing high levels of antibiotic resistance when bacteria are first exposed to antibiotics in amounts that are not enough to stop them.The researchers also think that Mfd’s ability to promote multiple mutations may be significant in the development of multi-drug resistance.Based on their findings, the researchers concluded, “We propose that blocking evolvabilty factors, in particular Mfd, could be a revolutionary strategy to address the antimicrobial resistance crisis.”A new class of anti-evolution drugs that target Mfd or other evolvability factors that promote mutations may complement new antimicrobials and alleviate the problem of chromosomally acquired mutations that leads to antimicrobial resistance.They added that, in principle, drugs designed to target Mfd could be co-administered with antibiotics during treatment of infections. That might reduce the likelihood of resistance developing at the start of therapy.Beyond the importance of reducing antibiotic resistance, there could be even wider implications of understanding and intervening in the evolutionary capacity of cells, according to the researchers. These include restraining genetic changes in cancer cells, and limiting the diversity in the strains of a pathogen a person’s immune system is trying to overcome.Supplemental drugs, such as the proposed evolution inhibitors, could, the researchers predict, improve the efficiency and effectiveness of current treatments, and thereby expand the arsenal of drugs available to combat antimicrobial resistant infections, cancers, and other diseases. Source:https://newsroom.uw.edu/news/dodging-antibiotic-resistance-curbing-bacterial-evolutionlast_img read more

Bedfont signs multiyear ODM agreement with MGC Diagnostics Corporation

first_imgThe NObreath® mission is to help improve asthma diagnosis and management for adults and children worldwide through FeNO monitoring. This new strategic partnership will enable Bedfont to access new markets worldwide and further highlight FeNO testing and its benefits globally.” Mar 4 2019Kent medical device manufacturer, Bedfont Scientific Ltd., signs a multiyear ODM deal to supply MGC Diagnostics Corporation with its new NObreath®.MGC Diagnostics Corporation (MGCD), through its Medical Graphics and Medisoft subsidiaries, is a global medical technology company dedicated to the delivery of diagnostic solutions for detecting, classifying, and managing cardiorespiratory disease. MGCD has signed an Original Design Manufacturer (ODM) agreement with Bedfont for the new NObreath® Fractional exhaled Nitric Oxide (FeNO) monitor.Related StoriesBedfont named as Technology category finalist for 2019 National Family Business AwardsBedfont receives accolade for Technology Business of the Year at KEiBA 2018Bedfont named ‘Exporter of the Year’ for third consecutive yearFeNO is a biomarker for airway inflammation, helping in the control and diagnosis of asthma and also the differentiation between asthma and other respiratory diseases. Measuring FeNO through breath analysis, making the process quick, simple and non-invasive for both the GP and the patient. Interpreting FeNO levels aids in identifying patients who do/do not require on-going treatment whilst also differentiating between allergic (eosinophilic) and non-allergic asthma, and if used daily, FeNO measurements can help to predict exacerbations and attacks.The ODM agreement for NObreath® means Bedfont designs and manufactures the monitor and MGCD distributes MGCD branded product. The MGCD product, called FeNObreath, is differentiated from the NObreath® by direct integration with MGCD diagnostics devices.Matt Margolies, President and Chief Operating Office at MGC Diagnostics commented: Jason Smith, Managing Director at Bedfont, adds: Bedfont’s NObreath® is an ideal device to expand our existing range of high-quality diagnostic solutions. We will sell the FeNObreath both as a stand-alone device and as an integrated module to our diagnostic products. Medical Graphics and Medisoft’s selling teams are excited to add this innovative product to our product portfolios.” Source:https://www.bedfont.com/news/home/bedfont-announces-multiyear-odm-deal-with-global-respiratory-diagnostics-company-mgc-diagnostics-corporationlast_img read more

Tests of Europes rivers and canals reveal presence of over 100 pesticides

first_imgReviewed by James Ives, M.Psych. (Editor)Apr 9 2019Tests of Europe’s rivers and canals have revealed more than 100 pesticides – including 24 that are not licensed for use in the EU.The study, which tested samples from 29 waterways in 10 countries including the UK, also found 21 veterinary drugs.Every river and canal screened in the study – from countries as far apart as Poland and Spain – contained multiple pesticides, and most contained veterinary drugs.The scientists, from Greenpeace Research Laboratories at the University of Exeter, said the highest levels of contamination were found in a Belgian canal that contained 70 pesticides.In 13 of the 29 waterways, concentrations of at least one pesticide exceeded European standards for acceptable levels.Related StoriesComplement system shown to remove dead cells in retinitis pigmentosa, contradicting previous researchResearch sheds light on sun-induced DNA damage and repairTAU’s new Translational Medical Research Center acquires MILabs’ VECTor PET/SPECT/CT”There is huge uncertainty about what effects these mixtures of chemicals could have on wildlife and human health,” said Dr Jorge Casado, who led the analytical work.”We know many of these individual pesticides are a cause for concern.”However, despite ongoing efforts by the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) to establish methods for mixture assessment, as things stand we still don’t really know what it means for wildlife and human health when faced with such complex and variable exposures to harmful chemicals, even if some are at concentrations that might not individually trigger concern.”The researchers said the presence of unlicensed pesticides did not necessarily mean they had been used illegally, as they could have been used for other permitted purposes or before bans came into force or licenses expired.However, they noted that several pesticides were found in multiple rivers, and said the concentration and frequency of carbendazim (found in 93% of samples) was “remarkable”.The majority of the veterinary drugs detected were antimicrobials, most being antibiotics.The study is an example of the work that will be developed further at Exeter’s Global Systems Institute (GSI), which aims to bring together people and organisations from multiple fields to secure a “flourishing future for humanity”.”This is not a case of us versus farmers or water companies,” said Dr Paul Johnston, who co-authored the paper.”This is about using forensic scientific methods to investigate a problem that faces us all. We have to work together to find a holistic solution.”Farmers don’t want to pollute rivers, and water companies don’t want to have to remove all that pollution again downstream, so we have to work to reduce reliance on pesticides and veterinary drugs through more sustainable agriculture.”Of the 103 pesticides identified, almost half were herbicides and the rest were fungicides or insecticides.The study took samples from waterways in Austria, Belgium, Germany, Denmark, France, Italy, the Netherlands, Poland, Spain and the UK. Source:http://www.exeter.ac.uk/news/featurednews/title_711435_en.htmllast_img read more

Global online database to combat underrepresentation of women scientists in the public

first_imgRequest a Woman Scientist platform (https://500womenscientists.org/request-a-scientist/) was launched to “provide an easy to use tool to increase representation of women scientists in the scientific community and public sphere.” Credit: Mohamed Hassan from Pixabay, CC0In under a year, more than 7,500 women from 174 scientific disciplines and 133 countries voluntarily signed up, expressing a willingness to share their science. These volunteers indicated interest in participating in panels, public outreach, and interactions with the media. The biological sciences and the USA are best represented in the database, but targeted outreach is planned to improve the representation of women from other disciplines and regions.To understand how the register has been utilized, 500 Women Scientists sent an electronic survey to women on the register in November 2018. Of 1,278 respondents, 150 women (11%) had been contacted for a range of reasons, including media requests for expert comment, conference participation, and educational outreach. This is likely an underestimate of how many women are being contacted since the database has been accessed more than 100,000 times. Guided by input from database users, we are now working to improve the functionality of the online database, focusing on improving user experience, and ensuring that the database can continue to grow and meet the demand for women scientists and their expertise. The scope of the database is also being expanded to include the medical sciences. Apr 24 2019Underrepresentation of women scientists in the public sphere perpetuates the stereotype of the white male scientist and fails both to reflect the true diversity of people practicing science today and to encourage more diversity. In a new article publishing April 23 in the open-access journal PLOS Biology, Dr. Elizabeth McCullagh and colleagues from the grassroots organization 500 Women Scientists, describe the first year of a database they founded in January 2018 to combat this issue. The database—called Request a Woman Scientist—is a public register of women scientists categorized by discipline and geographic region, as well as other self-identifying dimensions. Source:https://www.plos.orglast_img read more

Role of dentists in identifying domestic violence victims

first_imgReviewed by James Ives, M.Psych. (Editor)Apr 26 2019The University of Arizona College of Medicine – Phoenix and Midwestern University have published an article to bring to light the important role dentists can play in identifying domestic violence victims.Published April 11 in the Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment and Trauma, the article reports that as much as 75 percent of head and neck trauma associated with domestic violence occurs with oral injury. Researchers concluded that dentists are in the unique position to be the first line of defense in identifying evidence of assault, and then reporting potential cases of domestic violence.”The overall purpose of the paper is to bring dentistry and its subspecialties into the conversation about traumatic brain injury (TBI), specifically in cases of domestic violence,” said Midwestern University dental student Timothy Ellis, lead author of the study.”In our society, and others around the world, domestic violence is more common than many would suspect. Survivors recount ‘too many times to remember’ that they were abused and blacked out or were struck in the head. Thus, oral and facial trauma may be treated or identified by dentists and dental sub-specialists, opening another avenue for patients to gain access to proper care or needed assistance.”Ellis and Jonathan Lifshitz, PhD, director of the Translational Neurotrauma Research Program at the UA College of Medicine – Phoenix, reported an estimated 41.5 million individuals who will experience some type of domestic violence during their lifetime, and 20.75 million will sustain a TBI. Of the victims that sustain a TBI, 8.3 million will live with some form of long-term physiological or psychological consequences of the injury, they said.”This is a societal need and we have to call on all health care providers and mandatory reporters to join the fight,” Dr. Lifshitz said. “This paper is creating additional touchpoints between victims and the health-care delivery system. It is an opportunity for dentists to be early detectors who can refer those individuals for follow-up care.”The oral biomarkers that could help dentists potentially identify domestic violence victims include tears, fractures, breaks and chips in the teeth and mouth that would be inconsistent with personal history and, therefore, raise the index of suspicion. Obvious signs of violence that may indicate brain injury include jaw or tooth fractures, trauma to nerves in the mouth and jaw, as well as damage to the nasal bone. Tooth discoloration, blunted roots and pulpal necrosis, which is the death of cells and tissues in the center of a tooth, also may be signs of a previous dental trauma warranting further investigation.Related StoriesNeural pathways explain the relationship between imagination and willingness to helpRush University Medical Center offers new FDA-approved treatment for brain aneurysmsStudy offers clues about how to prevent brain inflammation in Alzheimer’sAccording to the publication, dentists receive little to no education about identifying and discussing domestic violence with potential victims, yet they may be the first and only health professional to evaluate a domestic violence victim.”I have spoken with several dentists regarding the topic,” Ellis said. “Many find it interesting, however, they have little experience. The most common answer I receive is that they had just never thought about it or believed that such a case would be more likely to present in a medical facility and thus, it does not cross their mind when interacting with patients on a daily basis. That said, many dentists are intrigued by the topic and the response has been positive. It is interesting that very stringent protocols exist in pediatric dentistry, but a large gap exists when dealing with teens, young adults and adults in general.”Sheri Brownstein, DMD, director of preclinical faculty at the Midwestern University College of Dental Medicine – Arizona and a co-author of the study, said that as a dentist, she always is sensitive to head and neck injuries and behaviors and how these may be a sign of domestic violence, but never thought of the oral biomarkers as they relate to traumatic brain injury and domestic violence.”All dentists should be educated on the identification of potential injuries sustained as a result of domestic violence,” she said. “As health-care providers, we are already obligated to report suspected abuse. I do not feel that this will add an undue burden to dentists.”Ellis said next steps may include collecting data from dentists to document oral biomarkers of injury. He continues these queries with the objective to help at least one patient and their situation.The publication is one in a series on “Traumatic Brain Injury in Domestic Violence” to be published in the Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment, and Trauma, for which Dr. Lifshitz is a guest editor. Source:https://uahs.arizona.edu/news/dentists-can-be-first-line-defense-against-domestic-violencelast_img read more

Babies exposed to opioids prenatally react more strongly to pain

first_imgSource:Penn StateJournal reference:Oji-Mmuo, C. et al. (2019) Prenatal opioid exposure heightens sympathetic arousal and facial expressions of pain/distress in term neonates at 24–48 hours post birth. Journal of Maternal-Fetal & Neonatal Medicine. doi.org/10.1080/14767058.2019.1588876 These babies are responding to pain differently than babies who were not exposed, so maybe we should be paying attention to pain management earlier. If we have to do a painful procedure like a heel lance, we may have to provide extra comforting measures, both during the procedure and after if they continue to be stressed.”Dr. Christiana Oji-Mmuo, assistant professor of pediatrics Even after the painful procedure was over, they continued to have higher skin conductance. Even when the procedure was done and they’d been swaddled, they continued to have these higher measures compared to the babies who hadn’t been exposed to opioids.”Dr. Christiana Oji-Mmuo Reviewed by Kate Anderton, B.Sc. (Editor)May 15 2019Babies exposed to opioids while their mothers were pregnant with them may need special care even before they start to experience withdrawal symptoms, according to Penn State research.Researchers from Penn State College of Medicine found that as soon as 24 and 48 hours after birth, babies who were exposed to opioids prenatally reacted more strongly to pain and scored higher on a skin conductance test, which measures the electrical differences in skin in response to pain or stress.Dr. Christiana Oji-Mmuo, assistant professor of pediatrics, said the study suggests that babies who were exposed to opioids in the womb may need special care earlier than previously thought. To best take care of these babies, it’s important that we recognize babies who are going through withdrawal very early. We wanted to see if two different tests — skin conductance measures and facial reactions to pain — would correlate and predict withdrawal in newborns, because we really need accurate ways to assess these babies.”Dr. Christiana Oji-Mmuo Related StoriesEbola spread to Uganda could threaten international healthHow a simple MRI scan can help patients with anginaNew computational model explores daily pain sensitivity rhythmsThe researchers enrolled 37 newborns — 22 with prenatal opioid exposure and 15 healthy controls — for the study. To measure the babies’ reaction to pain, the newborns were video-recorded while undergoing a heel stick, a standard procedure that most newborn babies undergo to give blood for screening tests.To measure skin conductance, a noninvasive device with three electrodes was applied to one foot. The device measured electrical conductance in the skin, which can change when norepinephrine boosts sweat production.After the data was analyzed, the researchers found that the babies exposed prenatally to opioids had higher skin conductance and reacted more strongly to pain during and after the heel-stick procedures. Additionally, Oji-Mmuo said the babies who had been exposed to opioids continued to be stressed after the procedure was over and they were swaddled and tucked in.Oji-Mmuo said the results — recently published in the Journal of Maternal-Fetal & Neonatal Medicine — suggest that babies who are born exposed to opioids handle pain worse than babies who were not exposed. Oji-Mmuo said that as opioid use continues to be a problem in the U.S., so does the risk of babies being born with neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS). She said an estimated 55 to 94 percent of babies born to mothers who used opioids during pregnancy will develop NAS.According to the researchers, opioids block the release of norepinephrine, a chemical released in the body during times of stress. When the baby is born and is no longer exposed to opioids, the baby experiences a spike in norepinephrine and other chemicals and hormones in the body. This can result in such symptoms as irritability, eating poorly, sweating, fever and seizures, among others.Oji-Mmuo said that while there are guidelines for screening babies at risk for developing NAS, there is a need for better, objective tools to help predict NAS and its severity earlier in newborns.last_img read more

Women more likely to suffer from longterm cognitive impairment after brain tumor

first_imgReviewed by James Ives, M.Psych. (Editor)Jun 25 2019Young women who undergo radiation therapy to treat a pediatric brain tumor are more likely to suffer from long-term cognitive impairment than male survivors, according to a study by Georgia State University researchers. Some of the survivors are doing quite well, going on to graduate degrees or medical school. Others are quite devastated by the treatments. So, there’s a huge range in outcomes and we are trying to look at the various factors involved that may explain these differences.”Tricia King, professor of psychology and neuroscience and senior author of the study “People are living longer in part because of advancements in diagnoses and treatment. Instead of research focused only on whether or not someone lives, we are now looking at the quality of survival. What’s happened now is the push for precision medicine that will provide individualized treatment to optimize outcomes. Our team is interested in identifying critical factors that may contribute to better long-term outcomes of survivors.”Related StoriesResearch team to create new technology for tackling concussionNew therapy shows promise in preventing brain damage after traumatic brain injuryAn active brain and body associated with reduced risk of dementiaTanya Panwala, lead author of the study, said the researchers focused on sex differences.”That was something that was very understudied in the research,” said Panwala, who recently graduated from Georgia State after working as an undergraduate researcher in King’s lab.The team recruited 45 adult survivors of posterior fossa childhood brain tumors and had them complete a series of standardized tests to measure intelligence, attention, working memory and independent-living skills. Posterior fossa tumors, which are in or near the bottom of the skull, are the most common form of brain tumors in children, accounting for as much as 55 percent overall.The tests showed female survivors were more affected by radiation therapy than their male counterparts in basic life skills such as reading, memory, social interactions, self-care and cognitive processing speed.”We found that females were more negatively affected by the life-saving radiation treatments than males,” King said. “This showed up in their activities of daily living in the community. So, the more challenging, higher-order skills that people need to be contributing members of society is disrupted and more so for females that had radiation than the male survivors.”The research points to the need for future studies to investigate the mechanisms for these sex differences in order to best personalize treatment plans, King said.”Because there are sex-specific differences in survivors, these get washed out when you just look at the group of tumor survivors as a whole,” King said. “To advance science, we really need to look at these groups separately. There’s lots of hypotheses of why that may be, but we need to look at the biological factors that are making females more vulnerable to life-saving radiation treatment.” Source:Georgia State UniversityJournal reference:King, T.Z. et al. (2019) The Effects of Radiation and Sex Differences on Adaptive Functioning in Adult Survivors of Pediatric Posterior Fossa Brain Tumors. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society. doi.org/10.1017/S135561771900033X.last_img read more

Mount Sinai Health System partners with Workforce Opportunity Services to support veterans

first_imgAccording to Jonathan Duchnowski, a veteran of the U.S. Navy, “The WOS program helped me by providing practiced skills of business acumen and networking, and has helped me to translate my military skills to the business world. There are many veterans who fall through the cracks of civilian life or aren’t prepared for their return. I am so grateful for WOS and Mount Sinai for believing in me and my success.”For Kevin Lama, a veteran of the U.S. Army, the WOS Program has given him the opportunity to be excited about coming to work and civilian life. “My experience at Mount Sinai and WOS has been rewarding and prosperous. I look forward to growing within the Mount Sinai Health System and the IT security department. My career interests have always been in the computer security sector, and being in this position is an exciting one as it allows me to see the institutional approach to maintaining the infrastructure that allows Mount Sinai to operate on a day-to-day basis.” Source:Mount Sinai Health System WOS is thrilled to partner with Mount Sinai to place talented veterans at a premier healthcare provider in the greater New York metropolitan area. We look forward to seeing the continued growth and success of Jonathan and Kevin in their careers as well as in our continued partnership with Mount Sinai.”Dr. Art Langer, Chairman and Founder of WOS Reviewed by James Ives, M.Psych. (Editor)Jul 3 2019To support our veterans in their careers and continue our commitment to diversifying our workforce, the Mount Sinai Health System (MSHS) has partnered with Workforce Opportunity Services (WOS), a leading nonprofit dedicated to recruiting, training, and placing underserved and veteran job seekers into long-lasting careers at prominent organizations.Through the WOS On Demand program, veterans Jonathan Duchnowski, Kevin Lama, and Anit Shrestha were recruited and placed in various roles within the Department of Information Technology at Mount Sinai. Prior to becoming part of this program, these three veterans struggled to find gainful employment opportunities upon their transition from the military to civilian life.Related StoriesTen-fold rise in tongue-tie surgery for newborns ‘without any real strong data”Traffic light’ food labels associated with reduction in calories purchased by hospital employeesAMSBIO offers new, best-in-class CAR-T cell range for research and immunotherapy”The Workforce program gives us a great opportunity to give back to those who have served in the military protecting our country,” said Roger Braman, Senior IT Director of Infrastructure Project Management, who leads the partnership between MSHS and WOS. “The additional support and training that the candidates receive both from the WOS program and MSHS allows these candidates to build on the skills they learned in the military and transition them to the civilian workforce. All of the candidates are really motivated and eager to learn and have quickly been able to integrate themselves into the teams they have been assigned.”last_img read more

New York moves to cap Uber appride vehicles

first_imgNew York’s city council on Wednesday dealt a blow to Uber and other car-for-hire companies, passing a bill to cap the number of vehicles they operate and impose minimum pay standards on drivers. © 2018 AFP The city of 8.5 million is the biggest app-ride market in the United States, where public transport woes and astronomical parking costs have helped fuel years of untamed growth by the likes of Lyft, Uber and Via.But that growth has brought New York’s iconic yellow cabs to their knees. Since December, six yellow cab drivers have committed suicide. Those deaths have been linked, at least in part, to desperation over plummeting income.The bill stipulates a 12-month cap on all new for-hire-vehicle licenses, unless they are wheelchair accessible, as well as minimum pay requirements for app drivers—regulated by the Taxi and Limousine Commission (TLC).It makes New York the first major city in the United States to limit the number of app-based rides and to impose pay rules for drivers.A recent TLC-commissioned study recommended a guaranteed income of $17.22 an hour for drivers—$15—plus a supplement to mitigate against rest time.New York Mayor Bill de Blasio, a progressive Democrat, vowed to sign the bill into law, proclaiming that it would “stop the influx of cars contributing to the congestion grinding our streets to a halt.””More than 100,000 workers and their families will see an immediate benefit from this legislation,” de Blasio said.Around 80,000 drivers work for at least one of the big four app-based companies in New York, compared to 13,500 yellow cab drivers, according to the recent TLC-commissioned study.The increased competition has slashed the value of yellow cab taxi licenses, from more than $1 million in 2014 to and less than $200,000 today. Explore further Six-year boom pushes New York to mull Uber regulationcenter_img This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Citation: New York moves to cap Uber, app-ride vehicles (2018, August 8) retrieved 18 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-08-york-cap-uber-app-ride-vehicles.html For-hire drivers and their supporters rally in favor of now-passed New York City legislation that puts a cap on app-ride vehicleslast_img read more

Making composite electrical aircraft a reality

first_img Citation: Making composite electrical aircraft a reality (2018, November 21) retrieved 17 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-11-composite-electrical-aircraft-reality.html Today’s aircraft manufacturers, along with their supply chain, are focused on decreasing energy consumption, improving safety, and reducing emissions. “To optimise the performance of both existing and future generations of aircraft, many manufacturers are turning towards Composite Electrical Aircraft (CEA),” says Jean-Philippe Parmantier, EU coordinator of the EU and Canadian-funded EPICEA project. “These are essentially high-altitude, long distance aircraft made from lightweight composite materials that have airframes featuring a massive electrification of onboard functions and the deployment of low profile antennas generating less drag.”Despite their potential, composite materials do not provide the fuselage with the same level of conductivity as aluminium does. As a result, composite aircraft suffer from an increased risk of electromagnetic (EM) hazard from radio broadcasts, satellites, radars or atmospheric electricity. Moreover, when flying at a very high altitude, there is an increased probability of being exposed to cosmic radiation (CR). “Specific electromagnetic protection measures are therefore required to guarantee electrical system immunity and the safety of the aircraft,” explains Parmantier. “However, such protective measures often result in an increase to the aircraft’s weight, thus jeopardising the emergence of energy-efficient CEAs.” To make CEAs a viable option for improving aircraft performance, safety and efficiency, the EPICEA project – a joint R&D initiative between the EU and Canada – is working to develop computer tools to validate and verify a cooperative and open computer environment (i.e., the EPICEA platform). By modelling interconnected systems, antenna electromagnetic performances and the effects of CR on electronics, the resulting EPICEA platform will help aircraft manufacturers better understand EM coupling mechanisms on CEAs. This in turn will result in the creation of effective design requirements for aircraft systems and their integration onboard the aircraft.Important results achieved Although the EPICEA project remains a work-in-progress, several important results have already been achieved. “First and foremost, we have successfully plugged existing software into an overall simulation platform for modelling scenarios of EM-coupling on the interconnected wiring systems and EM performance antennas inside a complex composite fuselage,” says Parmantier. “This gives us the capability to validate our simulation results with actual measurements on a full-scale composite barrel of a Bombardier Business Jet.”Project researchers have begun disseminating these initial results via scientific conferences, public workshops and a dedicated website. A second workshop will take place in July 2019, when the project closes, in Toulouse, France. The EM tools and EM simulation platform are now being tested by two project partners: Bombardier Aerospace, a Canadian aircraft manufacturer, and Fokker Elmo, a European manufacturer of cables and harnesses. According to Parmantier, both companies are likely to adopt the project’s computer tools and platform for future use in their respective aircraft design and development processes. Researchers with the EU-funded EPICEA project are developing computer tools that will help aircraft manufacturers better understand electromagnetic coupling mechanisms on composite electrical aircraft. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Airbus says Q3 net profit more than triples to 957 mn euroscenter_img Provided by CORDIS Credit: Aedka Studio, Shutterstock Explore furtherlast_img read more

12000 Years Ago a Boy Had His Skull Squashed into a Cone

first_imgAncient people in China practiced human head-shaping about 12,000 years ago — meaning they bound some children’s maturing skulls, encouraging the heads to grow into elongated ovals — making them the oldest group on record to purposefully squash their skulls, a new study finds. While excavating a Neolithic site (the last period of the Stone Age) at Houtaomuga, Jilin province, in northeast China, the archaeologists found 11 elongated skulls — belonging to both males and females and ranging from toddlers to adults — that showed signs of deliberate skull reshaping, also known as intentional cranial modification (ICM). “This is the earliest discovery of signs of intentional head modification in Eurasia continent, perhaps in the world,” said study co-researcher Qian Wang, an associate professor in the Department of Biomedical Sciences at the Texas A&M University College of Dentistry. “If this practice began in East Asia, it likely spread westward to the Middle East, Russia and Europe through the steppes as well as eastward across the Bering land bridge to the Americas.” [In Images: An Ancient Long-headed Woman Reconstructed] The Houtaomuga site is a treasure trove, holding burials and artifacts from 12,000 to 5,000 years ago. During an excavation there between 2011 and 2015, archaeologists found the remains of 25 individuals, 19 of which were preserved enough to be studied for ICM. After putting these skulls in a CT scanner, which produced 3D digital images of each specimen, the researchers confirmed that 11 had indisputable signs of skull shaping, such as flattening and elongation of the frontal bone, or forehead. The oldest ICM skull belonged to an adult male, who lived between 12,027 and 11,747 years ago, according to radiocarbon dating. 25 Grisly Archaeological Discoveries The M72 skull is between 6,300 and 5,500 years old. Credit: Qian Wang Originally published on Live Science. The 25 Most Mysterious Archaeological Finds on Earth Back to the Stone Age: 17 Key Milestones in Paleolithic Life An excavation at the site during 2010. Credit: Lixin Wang Even though the Houtaomuga man is the oldest known case of ICM in history, it’s a mystery whether other known instances of ICM spread from this group, or whether they rose independently of one another, Wang said. “It is still too early to claim intentional cranial modification first emerged in East Asia and spread elsewhere; it may have originated independently in different places,” Wang said. More ancient DNA research and skull examinations throughout the world may shed light on this practice’s spread, he said. The study was published online June 25 in the American Journal of Physical Anthropology. Archaeologists have found reshaped human skulls all around the world, from every inhabited continent. But this particular finding, if confirmed, “will [be] the earliest evidence of the intentional head modification, which lasted for 7,000 years at the same site after its first emergence,” Wang told Live Science. The 11 ICM individuals died between ages 3 and 40, indicating that skull shaping began at a young age, when human skulls are still malleable, Wang said. It’s unclear why this particular culture practiced skull modification, but it’s possible that fertility, social status and beauty could be factors, Wang said. The people with ICM buried at Houtaomuga were likely from a privileged class, as these individuals tended to have grave goods and funeral decorations. “Apparently, these youth were treated with a decent funeral, which might suggest a high socioeconomic class,” Wang said.last_img read more

Centre challenged RBI circular to cover up GSPC scamCentre challenged RBI circular

first_img COMMENT COMMENTS SHARE Congress core group member Jairam Ramesh has alleged that the “scam” in Gujarat State Petroleum Corporation (GSPC) has forced the Centre to challenge a circular by the RBI in Allahabad High Court. The circular issued by the RBI, he said, wanted the banks to declare a company bankrupt if it has ₹2,000 crore outstanding against it and defaults in repayment.The circular said such announcement should be made within a period of 180 days with effect from 1 March, 2018. This period of 180 days is over today (Monday) and, therefore, the SBI, lead bank among the lenders to GSPC, has to initiate action before to declare GSPC a bankrupt entity. The Congress, citing a CAG report, has been alleging that there is a scam of ₹20,000 crore as the GSPC failed to extract gas from KG Basin as promised by the then Gujarat Chief Minister Narendra Modi.He said GSPC had taken a loan of ₹20,000 crore from 15 banks, the contracts were awarded to their favourite companies, money was spent but, no gas could be extracted. “In the year 2007 elections, the Chief Minister Narendra Modi used to claim that in Gujarat if you will open a tap, only oil or gas will come out of it,” Ramesh claimed.“This is another big scam after Rafale Deal. Banks were exploited, Navaratna Company ONGC was exploited, big lies were spoken, tall claims were made and contract for drilling was awarded to one such company, which was in the business of garment manufacturing,” Ramesh said.The Rajya Sabha member added that the SBI is under pressure to take a decision on the loan restructuring to avoid GSPC being declared bankrupt. “This is because in case GSPC, once considered a ‘Mukat Mani’ of the Gujarat Government, is declared a bankrupt company, it will be a big blot on the name of the Prime Minister,” Ramesh claimed. fraud SHARE SHARE EMAIL petroleum RBI and other central banks August 27, 2018 Published on Gujaratlast_img read more

MoUs inked between educational institutions weaving clusters

first_imgcoimbatore December 09, 2018 Published on SHARE SHARE EMAIL Addition of training to higher secondary curriculum The Government of Tamil Nadu is examining a proposal to introduce industrial and vocational training in the higher secondary curriculum, to make students employable in different sectors, including textiles, said KA Sengottaiyan, TN Minister for School Education, addressing a special plenary session at the textile expo “Weaves” at Texvalley, Erode.At the event, MoUs were inked between member industries of weaving clusters in and around Erode and 25 educational institutions, for promotion of skill development and training of employees in the weaving and textile units in design, marketing and other business activities.P Thangamani, TN Minister for Electricity, Prohibition and Excise, said the government is keen to join with the industry to create a common effluent treatment plant. “This would be a permanent solution for the dyeing and processing units in the districts of Tirupur, Namakkal, Erode and Karur to address the business and environmental challenges arising out of letting untreated effluents into the soil or water sources in the vicinity,” he said.“With support from the Centre, the State would be able to mobilise up to 75 per cent of the project cost, with the remaining coming from the participating units,” he added. On power capacity, the Electricity Minister said: “We will be adding an additional 4,000 MW to the existing installed capacity of 18,000 MW and thereby ensure that TN remains a power surplus state in the years to come”.MC Sampath, Minister for Industries, said the Business Facilitation Act has helped the State attract a ₹10,000-crore investment in the last four months. textile and clothing (industry)center_img COMMENT events SHARE COMMENTSlast_img read more