Svenska Spel down just weeks ahead of Swedish licence launch

first_img20th July 2018 | By contenteditor Regions: Europe Nordics Sweden Svenska Spel down just weeks ahead of Swedish licence launch Topics: Finance Sports betting Swedish gaming monopoly Svenska Spel did little to quell concerns about its future after announcing a dip in revenue and operating profit just months ahead of the market’s liberalisation.The company saw gaming revenues fall by 4% to SEK2bn (€190m/$220m) in the three months to June 30, with operating profit down around 11% to SEK975m.On a brighter note, the company’s digital division saw revenue increase by around 20% year-on-year to SEK621m, and reaching almost a third of overall revenue. Mobile wagering was up around 42% compared to the same period last year.However, while Svenska Spel said it experienced “turnover beyond expectations in connection with the World Cup” the fact is that it was down on the same period last year despite Q2 including the first two weeks of Russia 2018 when Sweden were on their way to topping a group that featured Germany, Mexico and South Korea. In contrast, fellow Swedish company Betsson this week revealed that its revenue was up 12% to SEK2.56bn in the six months to June 30.Lennart Käll (pictured), Svenska Spel’s outgoing president and CEO suggested the figures were in part due to “more and more [people] voluntarily turning off or taking a break from gaming”.He added: “We are still strong as the entire Swedish people’s gaming company and meet customer demand for gaming experience with an expanded range and product development.“Customers continue to give us high ratings in our satisfied customer index, and with broad margins we have the highest image value of the gaming companies. We look forward to the new gaming market.”Svenska Spel’s optimism about its future was expressed just last week after it signed a deal to incorporate Evolution Gaming’s Live Casino content from January. Svenska Spel told that it is “positive” about the opportunities it anticipates in what it describes as the “fierce competition” of the re-regulated market.The upcoming re-regulation of the Swedish iGaming market has led to a flurry of activity from international operators exploring the opportunity to secure a listing on the Stockholm Stock Exchange, Adam Kostyal, senior vice-president at Nasdaq, which operates the market, this week told reported last week by, Sweden’s gaming regulator has urged operators to apply as early as possible when the licensing window opens on August 1 ahead of the market opening up in January 2019. AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to FacebookFacebookShare to TwitterTwittercenter_img Finance Email Address Subscribe to the iGaming newsletter Swedish gaming monopoly sees fall in revenues and earnings in first half of 2018last_img read more

NBA LIVE: Heat vs Raptors Live stream, watch online, Schedules, Date, India time,…

first_img NBA has already restarted. The NBA Restart has been heart-stopping and record television ratings. TAGSHeat LiveHeat vs RaptorsHeat vs Raptors Live STREAMINGNBA LiveNBA live streamingNets livePHeat vs Raptors LiveRaptors live SHARE Football NBA LIVE: Heat vs Raptors Live stream, watch online, Schedules, Date, India time, Live Link, Result Updates RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Football Football Where to watch NBA LIVE Streaming and broadcast in India:In India all NBA Games will be live broadcasted on SONY SPORTS and will be LIVE STREAMED ON SONY LIV and FanCode YourBump15 Actors That Hollywood Banned For LifeYourBump|SponsoredSponsoredPast Factory4 Sisters Take The Same Picture For 40 Years. Don’t Cry When You See The Last One!Past Factory|SponsoredSponsoredDefinitionTime Was Not Kind To These 28 CelebritiesDefinition|SponsoredSponsoredFreight & Shipping Quotes | Search AdsResearch & Compare Freight & Shipping QuotesEnjoy Affordable Freight & Shipping Services With These Service ProvidersFreight & Shipping Quotes | Search Ads|SponsoredSponsoredDefinitionWhat ‘Harry Potter’ Characters Were Actually Supposed To Look LikeDefinition|SponsoredSponsoredPost FunThese Twins Were Named “Most Beautiful In The World,” Wait Until You See Them TodayPost Fun|SponsoredSponsored Football Tokyo Olympics: IOA fuming as Japan imposes stricter regulations on India’s Olympic team, calls it ‘discriminatory and unfair’ Facebook Twitter Previous articleCricket: South Africa tour to West Indies on hold indefiniteyNext articleF1 British GP Live : Lewis Hamilton takes pole position for the British Grand Prix Kunal DhyaniSports Tech enthusiast, he reports on Sports Tech industry and writes on sports products. by Taboolaby TaboolaSponsored LinksSponsored LinksPromoted LinksPromoted LinksYou May LikeGarena Free Fire Redeem Codes Rewards of 15th June: Easy ways to redeem Free Fire active code check new list of codeFree Fire Redeem Code Rewards of 1st May (today), Step by step guide on how to redeemGarena Free Fire Redeem Code of 31st May (today), Check list of rewards & Redeem SiteJuly 31, FridayNew Orleans Pelicans vs Utah Jazz, 4:00 am  (IST)Los Angeles Lakers vs Los Angeles Clippers, 6:30 am ISTAugust 1, SaturdayBrooklyn Nets vs Orlando Magic, 12:00 am ISTWashington Wizards vs Phoenix Suns, 1:30 am ISTPortland Trail Blazers vs Memphis Grizzlies, 1:30 am ISTMilwaukee Bucks vs Boston Celtics, 4:00 am ISTSan Antonio Spurs vs Sacramento Kings, 5:30 am ISTDallas Mavericks vs Houston Rockets, 6:30 am ISTDenver Nuggets vs Miami Heat, 10:30 pm ISTAugust 2, SundayOklahoma City Thunder vs Utah Jazz, 1:00 am ISTLos Angeles Clippers vs New Orleans Pelicans, 3:30 am ISTIndiana Pacers vs Philadelphia 76ers, 4:30 am ISTToronto Raptors vs Los Angeles Lakers, 6:00 am ISTBrooklyn Nets vs Washington Wizards, 11:30 pm IST August 3, MondayBoston Celtics vs Portland Trail Blazers, 1:00 am ISTMemphis Grizzlies vs San Antonio Spurs, 1:30 am ISTOrlando Magic vs Sacramento Kings, 3:30 am ISTHouston Rockets vs Milwaukee Bucks, 6:00 am ISTPhoenix Suns vs Dallas Mavericks, 6:30 am ISTMiami Heat vs Toronto Raptors, 11:00 pm IST Football F1 French GP 2021 Live: Max Verstappen to take pole position, Lewis Hamilton second Euro 2020 LIVE broadcast in more than 200 countries, check how you can watch Live Streaming of EURO 2020 in your country Euro 2020 Points table: Germany secure first win, Poland keep Euro hopes alive; Check Euro 2020 latest group standings Sport News Football Share on Facebook Tweet on Twitter Euro 2020- Spain vs Poland Highlights: Spain held to 1-1 draw as Lewandowski’s Poland keep Euro hopes alive By Kunal Dhyani – August 1, 2020 Follow NBA LIVE between Heat vs Toronto Raptors LIVE on 3rd August. Here some details related to Heat vs Toronto Raptors teams news, broadcast details and Timing in India, Result Updates . Football Euro 2020, Italy vs Wales LIVE: Gareth Bale and Co face do-or-die clash; Italy eye third consecutive win; Follow Live Updates, Football Euro 2020, Italy vs Wales: 3 key battles to watch out for in ITA vs WAL Euro 2020, Switzerland vs Turkey LIVE: Switzerland to punish hapless Turkey; Follow Live Updates, Follow Live update Euro 2020 Top Scorers: Ronaldo joins Patrik Schick at top, Lukaku remains second; Check who is leading the Euro 2020 Golden Boot race Click here for Watch Live schedule 2020 SportSport News NBA LIVE Match DetailMatch –  Miami Heat vs Toronto RaptorsDate – 3 August 2020Time – 11:00 PM (IST)Venue – HP Field House Formula 1 Euro 2020, Switzerland vs Turkey: Top 5 players to watch out for in SUI vs TUR last_img read more

Kenya Airways Limited ( HY2014 Presentation

first_imgKenya Airways Limited ( listed on the Uganda Securities Exchange under the Transport sector has released it’s 2014 presentation results for the half year.For more information about Kenya Airways Limited ( reports, abridged reports, interim earnings results and earnings presentations, visit the Kenya Airways Limited ( company page on AfricanFinancials.Document: Kenya Airways Limited (  2014 presentation results for the half year.Company ProfileKenya Airways Limited is the flag carrier airline of Kenya. It was wholly-owned by the government of Kenya until 1995 when the airline was privatised. Kenya Airways is now a public-private partnership with the largest shareholder being the government of Kenya (48.9%) and the balance owned by KQ Lenders Company 2017 Ltd (38.1%), KLM (7.8%) and private owners (5.2%). Kenya Airways offers domestic and international flights, ground handling services and handles import and export of cargo. Subsidiary companies of Kenya Airways include JamboJet Limited which provides local passenger air transport services, and African Cargo Handling Limited which provides cargo handling services. Kenya Airways Limited is listed on the Uganda Securities Exchangelast_img read more

Nolan or Velazquez? Apopka will know the answer tonight!

first_imgShare on Facebook Tweet on Twitter Mama Mia Mama Mia Mama Mia 5 COMMENTS TAGSDecision Apopka 2018 Previous articleNolan continues to surprise Apopka with Seat #2 runNext articleNews from the precincts: Rain is hampering turnout Denise Connell RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Reply Please enter your comment! Reply UF/IFAS in Apopka will temporarily house District staff; saves almost $400,000 Mama Mia Gov. DeSantis says new moment-of-silence law in public schools protects religious freedom Please enter your name here Barbara McLeod: Funny that the city clerk’s office says that Alice Nolan is qualified to run for Seat #2 City Commissioner…..LOL Seriously, Barbara, do you question the City of Apopka’s City Clerk office’s authority over the city elections????? LOL April 10, 2018 at 4:43 pm LEAVE A REPLY Cancel reply April 10, 2018 at 4:32 pmcenter_img I meant to post: Or do you have any shame what so ever?…. didn’t mean to post “are” instead of “or”…..sorry, I am still shook up over the crime scene near my house! Barbara McLeod, that statement you posted about Alice… should be ashamed. Are do you have any shame what so ever? Ugh…….. April 10, 2018 at 4:09 pm It is not a crime scene after all, it is a man that was found deceased at home, and not foul play involved…. April 10, 2018 at 3:55 pm Decision Apopka 2018Welcome to Election Day 2.0: The runoff editionGood morning Apopka. It’s finally here. The runoff election for Seat #2 on the City Commission between challenger Alice Nolan and incumbent Commissioner Diane Velazquez which will conclude the Apopka election cycle for 2018 and decide the fifth and final seat on the City Council.As of 5 PM on Monday, 1,856 voters have cast their ballots either at the early voting site or by mail-in ballot. Nolan and Velazquez were neck-and-neck in the March 13th general election. But how will they fare today?After 7 PM tonight, they will know their fates.Stay with The Apopka Voice all day for wall-to-wall coverage of the elections. There will be published features, interviews of candidates, on-site updates from the polling places, and election results as soon as they are known after the polls close at 7:00 PM.And check back on Wednesday for analysis of the final race of Decision Apopka 2018.It’s going to be a beautiful day Apopka. Temperatures are supposed to be between 59 and 76 with only a few thunderstorms in the forecast. So grab a cup of coffee, maybe get some breakfast at a local restaurant and vote for the candidate you think will lead Apopka into its bright future. Reply April 11, 2018 at 11:19 am Mama Mia Now, if attention was only turned away from the City of Apopka election, and to the national scene, as in: GOOD RIDDANCE TO TRUMP! Stormy weather ahead for Trump… Stormy Daniels is getting more attractive everyday to me….lol, especially since she won’t go away with her little $130,000 pay off from Trump’s attorney! Trump’s on the warpath….beware, he will fire anybody and everybody….the theme song for this week is: ANOTHER ONE BITES THE DUST! Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. You have entered an incorrect email address! Please enter your email address here Reply Reply Florida gas prices jump 12 cents; most expensive since 2014 last_img read more

Orange Co. installs raised crosswalks at most dangerous school crossings, including…

first_img Please enter your name here Free webinar for job seekers on best interview answers, hosted by Goodwill June 11 The Anatomy of Fear It’s a frightening sight: a car or truck speeding through school crossings with students nearby. Based on complaints from parents and school officials, Orange County Public Works Traffic Engineering Division recently conducted evaluations at some of the most dangerous school crossings.The results? Raised crosswalks were installed as proactive remedy. The division used funding from its safety budget to install the crosswalks around various Orange County Public Schools.“We always want to be proactive from a safety perspective,” said Lauren Torres, project manager, Orange County Public Works Traffic Engineering Division. “The installation of raised crosswalks as an additional safety feature creates a safer and more comfortable pedestrian crossing environment, so this was something we wanted to get done right away.”According to the Federal Highway Administration, raised crosswalks reduce pedestrian crashes by 45 percent and serve effectively as a traffic calming measure by bringing the crosswalk from a street level to a sidewalk level. They also make the pedestrian more prominent in the driver’s field of vision, reduce vehicle speeds and improve motorist yielding to pedestrians within the elevated crosswalk.“We started looking at locations where we’ve had concerns in the past,” added Torres. “We went back to look at some of our Title 1 schools, which are in poverty-level neighborhoods and where most of the kids walk to and from school. Protecting these children was our No. 1 priority.”Once construction on the crosswalks began, it became clear some of the existing ramps were in need of upgrades, so Traffic Engineering made some additional ADA (Americans with Disabilities Act) enhancements. It only took three to four days to complete each crosswalk, which were installed at the following locations:Tattant Boulevard at Horizon West Middle School entranceOverstreet Road at Nobleton Drive for Horizon West Middle SchoolOleander Drive at Tucker Avenue for Colonial High SchoolSussex Drive at Radnor Avenue for Bonneville Elementary SchoolEastwood Drive at Rouse Lake Road for University High SchoolBonnie Brook Boulevard at Sadler Elementary School entranceHarcourt Avenue at Calendula Drive for Shingle Creek Elementary SchoolLakeville Road at Piedmont Lakes Middle SchoolPioneer Road at Denson Drive for Ridgewood Park Elementary SchoolThe project was funded through the County’s Traffic Calming Program, which focuses on speed bumps and other traffic safety tools.For more information on the raised crosswalk initiative or for other traffic safety concerns, contact Lauren Torres directly at [email protected] or by calling 407-836-8682. Support conservation and fish with NEW Florida specialty license plate TAGSLakeville RoadOrange County Public WorksPiedmont Lakes Middle SchoolRaised CrosswalkSchool Crossing Previous articleGoodwill offers webinar for job seekers: “Exploring Career Changes that Align with Experience and Interests”Next articleFlorida Dept. of Health calls for quit attempts, awareness during Great American Smokeout Denise Connell RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Share on Facebook Tweet on Twitter Piedmont Lakes Middle School, 2601 Lakeville Rd, Apopka, Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. According to the Federal Highway Administration, raised crosswalks reduce pedestrian crashes by 45 percentFrom the Orange County Newsroom You have entered an incorrect email address! Please enter your email address here LEAVE A REPLY Cancel reply Please enter your comment!last_img read more closes

 25 total views,  1 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis closes, the online advertising broker, has ceased trading after its failure to find further funding., the online advertising broker, has ceased trading after its failure to find further funding. had featured toward the end of last year in Professional Fundraising magazine. The two organisations had planned to launch “the not for profit sponsorship site,” according to the magazine in November 2000. This would have enabled charities to advertise their sponsorship opportunities to media buyers, planners and advertising agencies at no cost. Advertisement About Howard Lake Howard Lake is a digital fundraising entrepreneur. Publisher of UK Fundraising, the world’s first web resource for professional fundraisers, since 1994. Trainer and consultant in digital fundraising. Founder of Fundraising Camp and co-founder of Researching massive growth in giving. UK Fundraising reported the association in November 2000. Howard Lake | 24 March 2001 | News read more

Six journalists wounded in separatist violence in Srinagar

first_img IndiaAsia – Pacific News Kashmiri separatists threw a grenade and machine-gunned journalists as they arrived to cover an attack on a Srinagar police station on 29 July. One of them, cameraman Manzoor Ahmed, received a bullet wound to the abdomen. Reporters Without Borders calls on separatist groups to stop targeting journalists and other civilians. August 2, 2005 – Updated on January 20, 2016 Six journalists wounded in separatist violence in Srinagar Indian journalist wrongly accused of “wantonly” inaccurate reporting RSF demands release of detained Indian journalist Siddique Kappan, hospitalised with Covid-19 News to go further News Follow the news on India March 3, 2021 Find out more April 27, 2021 Find out more Receive email alerts Reporters Without Borders condemned blind violence by armed groups against journalists and other civilians today after six journalists were injured, one of them seriously, in a clash on 29 July between rebels and the Indian army in the centre of Srinagar, the main city in the Indian-administered part of Kashmir.The organisation called on separatist groups to stop targeting the press, whose role is to report the news and inform the Kashmiri and Indian public and the rest of the world about the situation in the disputed province.The incident began when at least two separatists threw grenades at a police station and then machine-gunned members of the security forces and civilians in the centre of Srinagar. Another grenade exploded just as journalists were arriving to cover the violence.The clash left two Indian soldiers dead and 14 persons injured including Ejaz Ahmed and Aamir Ahmed of the regional multimedia agency ANI, Manzoor Ahmed of India TV, Muzamil Rashid of the Srinagar Mail newspaper, Firdous Ahmed of the Zee Kashmir TV station and Amir Hussain of the newspaper Subhe Kashmir. The journalists were all hospitalised.The injured also included cameraman Manzoor Ahmed, who was reportedly in a serious condition with a bullet wound to the abdomen.Two of the attackers were killed by the Indian security forces at the end of a 24-hour siege. The attack was claimed by the Islamist movements Al-Mansurin and Jamiat-ul Mujahideen, which are opposed to the Indian presence in Kashmir.In Kashmir has been riven by a separatist revolt since 1989 that has left between 40,000 and 50,000 dead. The violence has continued despite a peace process begun 20 months ago by India and Pakistan, which have fought two wars in their dispute over the region. Journalists have often been targeted and five of them were wounded in a grenade attack last year. India: RSF denounces “systemic repression” of Manipur’s media Organisation RSF_en IndiaAsia – Pacific News Help by sharing this information February 23, 2021 Find out morelast_img read more

Ernakulam Sessions Court Grants Bail To Advocate Accused Of Illegally Confining House Help

first_imgNews UpdatesErnakulam Sessions Court Grants Bail To Advocate Accused Of Illegally Confining House Help Akshita Saxena24 Dec 2020 4:26 AMShare This – xThe Ernakulam Sessions Court in Kerala on Tuesday granted anticipatory bail to Imthiyaz Ahammed, an Advocate accused to have illegally confined his house maid, who later died in an attempt to escape from the house. The Additional Sessions Judge, Mohanakrishna P. observed that most of the offences alleged against the accused were bailable in nature and the only non-bailable…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginThe Ernakulam Sessions Court in Kerala on Tuesday granted anticipatory bail to Imthiyaz Ahammed, an Advocate accused to have illegally confined his house maid, who later died in an attempt to escape from the house. The Additional Sessions Judge, Mohanakrishna P. observed that most of the offences alleged against the accused were bailable in nature and the only non-bailable offence pertaining to trafficking was not prima facie made out. The Court also noted that the accused is an Advocate and he is not likely to attempt to flee from justice. Background The defacto complainant (husband of the deceased) had alleged that the petitioner gave false information to the police by saying that the deceased had been escaping through the balcony after stealing money from him. He insisted that the deceased was confined and exploited by the Petitioner and she died in an attempt to flee from clutches of the accused, from the sixth-floor balcony. It was further alleged that the petitioner had threatened the defacto complainant to withdraw the FIR and had forced him into signing a blank paper. Accordingly, an FIR was lodged under Sections 342 (punishment for wrongful confinement) and 338 (causing grievous hurt by act endangering life or personal safety of others) and 370 (trafficking of persons) of the Indian Penal Code (IPC) with the Kochi Police. Section 370 is a non-bailable offence, while sections 342 and 338 are bailable offences. The counsel for the Petitioner vehemently denied the allegations levelled against the petitioner and claimed that the ingredients needed to constitute the non-bailable offence under section 370 of the IPC were not present in this case. It was further contended that there was no need for custodial interrogation of the petitioner as he was an advocate and he would not flee from justice. The Public Prosecutor however, opposed the plea for the bail application while stating, “the allegations levelled against the petitioner are very serious in nature and custodial investigation is necessary for the purpose of investigation.” He argued that the ingredients of section 370 were present in this case. He further brought to the knowledge of the Court that it was not the first time that the petitioner had harassed a domestic worker. In 2010, the petitioner and his wife were accused of physically assaulting a 14-year-old girl, the daughter of their then domestic worker. They were accused of causing serious burn injuries to girl Findings Firstly, the Court noted that the crime against the petitioner was registered under sections 342 and 338 of the IPC in the FIR. But, section 338 was deleted and was replaced by sections 201 (giving false information) and 506 (criminal intimidation) of the IPC. Out of these, only section 370 is non-bailable. The Court stated that in order to be categorised as trafficking under section 370 of the IPC, the harbouring of the person needs to be for the purpose of exploitation. The Court cited the information presented by the prosecution and stated, “On going through the F.I.Statement given by the defacto complainant, it is evident that the deceased Rajkumari started working as a maid servant at the house of the petitioner on her own volition for the purpose of eking out a livelihood for her family.” The Court further observed that the fact that the petitioner had given Rs.10,000 to the deceased as a salary advance shows that the petitioner had no intention to exploit her. The First Information Statement (FIS) provided by the defacto complainant doesn’t disclose any information that would prove that the deceased was being exploited. The Court also quoted the statement given by the brother of the deceased and pointed out that she had contacted the petitioner herself and had asked him if she could come and work at his flat. In this context, the Court stated, ” If the petitioner was exploiting the deceased as contended by the prosecution, it is highly improbable for the deceased to go again to the petitioner’s house for house work. So, prima facie, from the available material on the record, it is doubtful whether an offence under section 370 of the IPC is made out against the petitioner.” The Court went on to say, “It is true that, the allegations made in the F.I.Statement would constitute wrongful confinement of the deceased which is punishable under section 342 of the IPC by the petitioner. But it is a bailable offence. The offences under sections 201 and 506 of the IPC are also bailable ones.” The Court, while looking at the reason as to why the deceased had tried to escape from the balcony, once again referred to the FIS, where the defacto complainant had told the deceased that if she didn’t return to her home immediately, he would commit suicide. The Court expressed that prima facie, it was the defacto complainant’s suicide threat that had led the deceased into trying to escape from the balcony, which had ultimately, led to her demise. Lastly, it observed that even though the Petitioner had been accused in a similar case of exploitation of house help in the past, he was proved innocent therein and was acquitted by the competent court. The Court cited the judgement of the Supreme Court in the case of Chidabaram P.v. Directorate of Enforcement, where it was stated that bail is the rule, jail is the exception. The Court also quoted the Supreme Court’s decision in Re-Contagionof Covid-19 Virus in Prison case where the Apex Court had issued directions for minimising the number of inmates in prison. Keeping all this in mind, the Sessions Court granted a pre-arrest bail to the petitioner and stated that in the event of his arrest, the Petitioner shall execute a bond of Rs. 50,000/- with two solvent sureties for the like sum each to the satisfaction of the Arresting Officer/Investigating Officer as the case may be. ClickHere To Download Order [Read Order]Next Storylast_img read more

Restricted gene flow and evolutionary divergence between geographically separated populations of the Antarctic octopus Pareledone turqueti

first_imgSamples of the Antarctic octopus Pareledone turqueti were taken from three locations on the Scotia Ridge in the Southern Ocean. The genetic homogeneity of these populations was investigated using isozyme electrophoresis. Whilst panmixia appeared to be maintained around South Georgia (F-ST = 0) gene flow between this island and Shag Rocks, an island only 150 km away but separated by great depths, was extremely limited (F-ST = 0.74). These results are examined with respect to the discontinuous distribution of P. turqueti throughout Antarctica. An estimate of effective population size was also calculated (N-e = 3600).last_img

Energization of the ring current by substorms

first_imgThe substorm process releases large amounts of energy into the magnetospheric system, although where the energy is transferred to and how it is partitioned remains an open question. In this study, we address whether the substorm process contributes a significant amount of energy to the ring current. The ring current is a highly variable region, and understanding the energization processes provides valuable insight into how substorm-ring current coupling may contribute to the generation of storm conditions and provide a source of energy for wave driving. In order to quantify the energy input into the ring current during the substorm process, we analyze Radiation Belt Storm Probes Ion Composition Experiment and Helium Oxygen Proton Electron ion flux measurements for H+, O+, and He+. The energy content of the ring current is estimated and binned spatially for L and magnetic local time. The results are combined with an independently derived substorm event list to perform a statistical analysis of variations in the ring current energy content with substorm phase. We show that the ring current energy is significantly higher in the expansion phase compared to the growth phase, with the energy enhancement persisting into the substorm recovery phase. The characteristics of the energy enhancement suggest the injection of energized ions from the tail plasma sheet following substorm onset. The local time variations indicate a loss of energetic H+ ions in the afternoon sector, likely due to wave-particle interactions. Overall, we find that the average energy input into the ring current is similar to 9% of the previously reported energy released during substorms. Plain Language Summary The Earth’s near-space environment is populated by energetic charged particles, whose motion is largely controlled by the global geomagnetic field. This region, known as the magnetosphere, is highly dynamic and variable, strongly coupled to the solar wind (a continuous stream of charged particles outflowing from the Sun). At times, the Earth’s magnetic field can become highly distorted and release a large amount of energy into the magnetospheric system. This process is termed a substorm, and the release of energy has significant consequences for the structure of the region and the characteristics of the plasma within it. The amount of energy that is transferred to the magnetospheric particle population remains to be fully understood. In this study, we use spacecraft measurements of highly energetic particles observed by the Van Allen Probes between 2012 and 2017. Using a statistical approach, we quantify the magnitude of the energy input into the particle population due to a typical substorm. Furthermore, we investigate the location of the energy enhancements, providing an insight into how energy is transported throughout the magnetospheric system.last_img read more