RSF’s counter-proposals for French “news manipulation” bill

first_imgNews June 5, 2018 – Updated on June 6, 2018 RSF’s counter-proposals for French “news manipulation” bill “We’ll hold Ilham Aliyev personally responsible if anything happens to this blogger in France” RSF says FranceEurope – Central Asia Media independence Conflicts of interestFreedom of expression June 4, 2021 Find out more Receive email alerts The bill aims to address the threat that disinformation or “fake news” offensives pose to democratic processes, including next year’s European elections. It is understandable and justifiable to try to prevent manipulative content from circulating online, but the solutions proposed in the bill could be unworkable and even counter-productive. Because of a perceived urgency, the bill was drafted in a rush and takes insufficient account of the possible perverse legal and political effects during wars waged by authoritarian regimes. One of the bill’s key provisions is an extension of the powers of the High Council for Broadcasting (CSA), which regulates broadcasting in France. It would be empowered to rescind the licence of a radio or TV broadcaster (or refuse to give it a licence) if the broadcaster was controlled or “under the influence” of a foreign government and if it “threatened the nation’s fundamental interests, above all by broadcasting false news.” A different approach should be used. Instead of targeting “foreign influence,” the CSA should be able to demand guarantees of editorial independence from all media outlets and to issue an appropriate sanction when it is established that an outlet is not complying. Imposing the same requirements on all media (regardless of geographic origin) would prevent reprisals by countries that are already waging information wars. As regards the creation of a mechanism for summary judgments during elections to prevent the online dissemination, by artificial and massive means, of “false news liable to affect the integrity of the polls,” RSF calls for rejection of the amendments referring to “dishonesty” and defining “false news.” In an emergency, a judge would be unable to evaluate the honesty of the person circulating a news item. And defining false news as “any allegation of a fact lacking verifiable elements liable to make it probable” misunderstands the nature of journalistic work and does not leave it to the judge to determine a news item’s clearly erroneous nature. RSF calls for reinforcement of the non-accountability criteria (due to anonymity or dissemination from abroad, for example), preventing French jurisdiction. At the same time, RSF doubts the effectiveness of this provision and fears perverse effects, with those responsible for deliberately mendacious content being able to argue that their case is not within the judge’s competence. As regards the bill’s reference to a requirement for online platforms to cooperate and act transparently, RSF believes that such an important issue should be the subject of a separate law. The impact that these privately-owned companies have on the dissemination of information, access to information, and the integrity of the public debate requires stronger democratic guarantees. The obligation to be transparent about content sponsoring during elections should be a permanent one. But more is needed. The legal status of online platforms needs a complete overhaul. A new regime of responsibilities and obligations must be established, especially with regard to algorithmic transparency and neutrality, promotion of content honesty and respect for international standards on freedom of expression. The national assembly’s legal committee added a provision to the bill on 22 May requiring online platforms to cooperate with “organizations representing journalists, press publishers and broadcasting services” to “identify and promote news content produced by media companies in their news content listings.” This is something that RSF has been recommending. RSF is currently working with media professionals on a “Journalism Trust Initiative” to define a set of standards on media transparency, media independence and respect for journalistic ethics. Media that satisfy these standards would be awarded a JTI certification that gave them concrete advantages. France is ranked 33rd out of 180 countries in RSF’s 2018 World Press Freedom Index. RSF_en News FranceEurope – Central Asia Media independence Conflicts of interestFreedom of expression Reporters Without Borders (RSF) has drafted counter-proposals for a bill “to combat news manipulation” that the French national assembly is due to begin debating on the 7th June after discussion and amendment in committee. The goal of RSF’s counter-proposals is to be able to respond to information wars without engaging in them. to go further Help by sharing this information Use the Digital Services Act to make democracy prevail over platform interests, RSF tells EU RSF denounces Total’s retaliation against Le Monde for Myanmar story Organisation June 2, 2021 Find out more News Follow the news on France News May 10, 2021 Find out morelast_img read more

11 Reasons You Should Start Eating Mango

first_imgMangos taste so good that you forget how healthy they are. Here are healthy reasons why you should stock up on this king of fruits.Nutrition by the numbers1 cup contains the following percentages applied to daily value103 calories75 percent vitamin C- antioxidant and immune booster24 percent vitamin A- antioxidant and vision12 percent vitamin B6 plus other B vitamins- hormone production in brain and heart disease prevention10 percent healthy probiotic fiber8 percent copper- a co-factor for various vital enzymes plus production of red blood cells8 percent potassium- balances out your high sodium intake5 percent magnesiumMango prevents cancerResearches have shown antioxidant compounds in mango fruit have been found to protect against colon cancer, breast cancer, prostate cancers and leukemia. These compounds are isoquercitrin, quercetin, fisetin, astragalin, methylgallat and gallic acid as well as the abundant enzymes.Mango decreases cholesterol levelsLevels of vitamin C, pectin and fiber found in a high level in mango help to decrease serum cholesterol levels, specifically LDL- the bad stuff.Mango clears the skinThis tasty and super flashy yellow- colored fruit can be used both externally and internally for your skin. A mango clears clogged pores and eliminates pimples.Mango for Eye health1 cup of sliced mangoes supplies 24 percent of the needed daily value of vitamin A, which promotes good eyesight and prevents dry eyes and night blindness.Mango alkalizes the whole bodyThe malic acid, a trace of citric acid and tartaric acid found in the mango help to maintain the alkali reserve of your body.Mango helps in diabetesLeaves of mango help normalize insulin levels in your blood. The traditional home remedy involves boiling leaves in water, soaking through the night and then drinking the filtered decoction after you wake up. Mango fruit also has a relatively low glycemic index so moderate quantities will not spike your sugar levels.Mango improves sexMangos are a great source of vitamin E. Even though the well known connection between vitamin E and sex drive was originally created by a mistaken generalization on rat studies, recent researches have shown balanced proper amounts as from whole food does help in this area.Mango improves digestionPapayas are not the only fruit that contain enzymes in order to break down protein. There are many fruits, including mango, which has this healthful quality. The fiber in mangos also helps elimination and digestion.Remedy for Heat StrokeJuicing the fruit from green mango and mixing with water and a sweetener helps to cool down your body and prevent harm to it. From an ancient medicine viewpoint, the reason people often get diuretic and exhausted while visiting equatorial climates is because the strong energy of sun is burning up the body, especially the muscles. The kidneys become overloaded with the toxins from this process.Mango boosts immune systemThe generous amounts of vitamin A and vitamin C in mango, plus 26 different kinds of carotenoids keep your immune system strong and healthy.By: Fitnae 55 Views   no discussions Sharing is caring! Share Tweetcenter_img Share Share HealthLifestyle 11 Reasons You Should Start Eating Mango by: – September 19, 2013last_img read more

Broward Commissioner Calls for Airport to Stop Commercial Flights

first_imgA Broward County politician is calling for all commercial passenger air traffic in and out of Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood International Airport to be halted until May 1 due to the coronavirus pandemic.“Considering that the virus is being spread by people with no symptoms, we are only as strong as our weakest link. Allowing people from New York, New Orleans and other hot spots to fly into Broward County can only spread the virus even more,” says commissioner Mark Bogen in an emailed statement.Bogen believes the federal government should provide subsidies to the airlines for stopping passenger flights for the rest of the month.While cargo and private air charter would be a necessity, Commissioner Bogen believes that if commercial air traffic is not halted, the virus will continue to infect communities.He also praised Spirit Airlines for voluntarily stopping flights between the New York area and South Florida.“If we cannot stop commercial passenger air traffic during the month of April then at the very least all airlines need to follow the lead of Spirit Airlines and stop flying from cities that are deemed “hot spots,” adds Bogen.The commissioner plans to bring the issue to the Broward County Commission in order to determine available options to either stop or reduce air traffic.“Many passengers who are asymptomatic are infecting other passengers and causing coronavirus outbreaks in communities throughout the nation. Unless this country takes drastic action for a 30-day period, this problem with be with us for a long time. We cannot Band-Aid or treat this issue on a regional basis,” he explains.However, not everyone agrees with that assessment.Airlines, industry officials and some health experts say flights are an essential service, for people and cargo, and need to continue during the COVID-19 crisis.The federal government echoed its position by adding a key provision in the $2 trillion coronavirus aid package which was approved last week.It states airlines that accept part of the $50 billion set aside for the aviation industry must maintain a minimum level of service through at least September.Additionally, airlines have enacted new safeguard standards for passengers, including deep cleaning, reduced in-flight service, and spacing out passengers on flights.last_img read more