Burma

first_img to go further MyanmarAsia – Pacific MyanmarAsia – Pacific May 31, 2021 Find out more Help by sharing this information Organisation Domain name : .mm Population : 48 137 000 Internet-users : 250 000Average charge for one hour’s connection at a cybercafé : about 0,55 US$ Average monthly salary : about 27,32 US$ Number of imprisoned netizens : 2Two high-ranking government officials sentenced to death for having e-mailed documents abroad: Net censorship is a serious matter in Burma. Massive filtering of websites and extensive slowdowns during times of unrest are daily occurrences for the country’s Internet users. The Military Junta considers netizens to be enemies of the State. The legislation governing Internet use – the Electronic Act – is one of the most liberticidal laws in the world.A rigid firewallThe Burmese firewall applies strict censorship, which limits users to an Intranet purged of any criticisms of the regime. Only the use of proxies or other censorship circumvention tools permits access to the World Wide Web. Blocked sites include those of exiled Burmese media groups and certain global media outlets, proxies and other censorship circumvention tools, blogs and study-abroad scholarship sites. Government authorities block both websites and URLs. Censorship is not consistent: for example, the site www.peoplemediavoice.com is filtered, but its identical counterpart, www.peoplemediavoice.net is not.Consultation of private electronic mail is also curtailed. Officially, Internet users are prohibited from using e-mail services other than those provided by the government. Webmail services such as Yahoo and Hotmail are blocked in the country, but can be consulted via proxies.Connection speed: A barometer of Burma’s internal situationThe ordinary connection speed is 512kb per line, which is the equivalent of a basic ADSL individual connection, but one line is shared by several users, thus slowing down online activities. It takes about ten seconds to open an email or load one page. Using a proxy speeds up things. However, cybercafés – the main connection points in a country where individual Internet subscriptions are very expensive and subject to government authorization – must share this 512 kb line with 10 to 15 computers, thereby reducing the connection speed. Gtalk cannot function on a 256 kb line. A 512 kb line is needed to use Gtalk and Skype in real time.When the country is in the throes of political tension, connection speed drops sharply, since the Junta deems it necessary to prevent “information leaks abroad.” In May and June 2009, when opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi was on trial for having violated the terms of her house arrest by allowing an uninvited American citizen to stay two days in her home, the regime did not hesitate to cut the telephone and Internet lines of the city in which she was detained. Moreover, Burmese Internet users noticed there was a drastic slowdown in nation-wide connection speeds that made it impossible to send videos. At the time, it took nearly an hour to send a simple email with no attachment. According to local sources, the government may be planning to once again cut off Internet access during the October 2010 elections, just as it did in 2007, so as to assert total control over the dissemination of newsIndependent news sources: The regime’s pet peeveJournalists who collaborate with exiled media and bloggers are being closely watched by the authorities, particularly since the 2007 Safran Revolution and international sentencing that followed the widespread distribution of photos of the crackdown. They are brazenly taking advantage of a highly repressive piece of legislation, the Electronic Act of 1996, which pertains to the Internet, television and radio. This law prohibits the importation, possession and use of a modem without official permission, subject to a fifteen-year jail penalty for “endangering the security of the state, national unity, culture, the national economy, and law and order.” Nay Phone Latt (http://www.nayphonelatt.net/), arrested in 2008, got a 15-year prison sentence for possessing a “subversive” film. The blogger has developed eyesight problems while incarcerated.The well-known comedian, Zarganar, was sentenced to 35 years in prison for disseminating on the Web articles critical of the way the government handled humanitarian aid in the wake of Cyclone Nargis. His blog was one of the most visited Burmese websites inside the country. On December 31, 2009, Hla Hla Win, a video journalist working with the Norway-based Democratic Voice of Burma (DVB) TV network, was given a 20-year jail sentence. In January 2010, journalist Ngwe Soe Lin also got a 13-year term for having worked for the DVB. He had been arrested in a cybercafé in the Rangoon’s Kyaukmyaung district on June 26, 2009.By arresting these Internet users and journalists, the Junta is trying to intimidate potential critics and impose self-censorship on its citizens. Like the state-owned media, online publications are subject to advance censorship, which ruthlessly eliminates any topic that is even slightly controversial.Exiled Burmese media such as Mizzima and Irrawaddy were once again the target of cyberattacks in 2009.Under surveillanceCyber-café owners are under increasing pressure from Burmese authorities. They were already required to take screenshots every five minutes on every computer station and be prepared to provide every user’s ID card number, telephone number, and address if the police requested them. They are now strictly forbidden to help a customer create an email account, particularly on Gmail, or to use a proxy, under penalty of being closed down. Many cyber-cafés have been shut down in the last few months, partly for economic reasons, but also because of more practical problems such as power outages, high maintenance fees, slow connection speeds, and lack of customers.Despite these actions, blogs are multiplying. A survey conducted by the Burma Media Association in August 2009 showed that there were over 800 active blogs, most of them hosted by Blogspot and WordPress. Eighty percent are in Burmese, 8% in English and 10% are bilingual. Three-fourths of the bloggers are between the ages of 21 and 35 and have a college education. Over half of them are living in Burma and began blogging less than one year ago. The majority of them focus on entertainment-related topics. Only 8% of them discuss news-related subjects.Is a Chinese-like economic opening likely?Although Burma has one of the world’s lowest Internet penetration rates, the regime is about to build its own “Silicon Valley” dubbed “Yadanabon Cyber City.” Its objective is not to facilitate free Internet access for its citizens but to centralize control prior to the autumn 2010 elections, within the framework of “Road Map to Democracy,” a political reform plan launched by the Junta in early 2003. According to the State media, this “business complex” may be called upon to become the national communications’ clearing house. For now, priority is being given to setting up land and mobile telephone lines for businesses that will be opening offices in this center. Internet will be next. Some Junta generals’ reservations about communications will not easily be laid to rest.For the moment, the Junta is using a Thai satellite station for Burma’s Internet connection, but plans to launch its own communications satellite via a Chinese or Indian rocket. With its “Silicon Valley” and its own satellite, the military regime seems to be making a commitment to develop Internet infrastructure for economic reasons. At the same time, however, it stands ready to cut off all connections and totally isolate the country once again at the least suspicion of “domestic unrest.”Links : http://www.dvb.no/ (Democratic Voice of Burma): Burmese opposition media, in exile in Norway http://www.burmanet.org: Burmanet News http://www.irrawaddy.org: website of the exiled opposition magazine he Irrawaddy. http://www.blc-burma.org/html/myanmar%20law/lr_e_ml96_08.html: text of the 1996 law regulating the Internet in Burma.http://www.bma.co.cc/ : Burma Media Association RSF_en News News RSF asks Germany to let Myanmar journalist Mratt Kyaw Thu apply for asylumcenter_img Follow the news on Myanmar March 12, 2010 – Updated on January 20, 2016 Burma News May 26, 2021 Find out more Thai premier, UN rapporteurs asked to prevent journalists being returned to Myanmar Receive email alerts News US journalist held in Yangon prison notorious for torture May 12, 2021 Find out morelast_img read more

300 Indiana Townships Could Be Affected by House Republican Proposal

first_imgJANUARY 7th, 2018  TYRONE MORRIS INDIANA More than 300 Indiana townships could be eliminated under a proposal by House Republicans.It targets townships with populations of fewer than 1,200. Over the next five years, it would likely affect property owners’ taxes.House Speaker Brian Bosma has introduced the plan. The Indiana Township Association says people living in those smaller townships could see better fire and EMS service thanks to combined tax bases.Indiana has 1,005 townships, but as rural populations have dropped off, some townships have struggled to afford basic needs.Tyrone MorrisWeb Producer FacebookTwitterCopy LinkEmailSharelast_img

World Indoor Lacrosse Championship preview: Canada, Iroquois and US

first_img Published on September 15, 2015 at 9:40 pm Contact Chris: [email protected] | @ChrisLibonati Facebook Twitter Google+ On Sept. 18, the World Indoor Lacrosse Championship will kick off and 10 of the 13 participating countries will play on the opening day. Preliminary games will be held in Onondaga Arena, the Village Pavilion and the War Memorial, and the tournament closes out at the Carrier Dome on Sept. 27 for the final and semifinal games.In the 2011 WILC, Canada beat the United States, 15-10, in the semifinals and then the Iroquois, 13-6, to win the finals. The U.S. finished in third place, rolling the Czech Republic, which hosted the tournament, 16-7.Canada, the Iroquois and the U.S. all figure to be favorites again in 2015. Here’s a look at those three teams:United States:Best Player: Casey Powell, ForwardAdvertisementThis is placeholder textPowell will be one of the oldest players at the tournament at 39, but also one of the best. The former SU lacrosse great didn’t play in the 2014-15 National Lacrosse League season and only played eight games the season before, but in those games, he tallied eight goals and 17 assists. In 2010, he was the NLL most valuable player and was the Major League Lacrosse MVP in 2014. The Syracuse grad was one of the best college lacrosse players of all-time, scoring 287 points in four years, and his brothers Mikey and Ryan played at SU, too.Biggest Question: Who plays goalie and how well will he play?One of the biggest questions for the United States will be whether it can get reliable goalie play from Jake Henhawk, Chris Collins and David Mather. None of the three started for a team in the 2014-15 season in the NLL, the most popular lacrosse league in North America. The 2011 WILC starter, Erik Miller, is not playing in 2015. Henhawk backed up Miller and figures to get playing time for the U.S.Player to Watch: Blaze Riorden, ForwardRiorden is the only NCAA player to make the United States roster and he made the team at forward, a bit different from his goalie position at Albany. In an NCAA playoff game against Cornell, Riorden flashed his stick skills, carrying the ball from his crease up the sideline, faking a shot and ripping the ball into the net. During the summer, Riorden plays with a short stick in box lacrosse games.Current and Former Syracuse Players: Casey Powell (1994-98), Joel White (2007-11), Brian Megill (2009-13)Iroquois: Best Player: Lyle Thompson, ForwardThompson, an Albany alum, graduated as one of the best college lacrosse players of all time with his 400 career points the most of any player. His impeccable stick skills and moves in tight spaces make him one of the best young players in the tournament. Although Thompson has yet to play in the NLL, he should fit seamlessly into the Iroquois attack. Without Cody Jamieson, possibly the best player in the tournament but currently rehabbing from a torn Achilles, Thompson can take on a similar role Jamieson had for the Iroquois.Biggest Question: Who Replaces Cody Jamieson?This will have to be a team effort because Jamieson is that good. After the forward tore his Achilles in the NLL playoffs, the Rochester Knighthawks stalled out on a bid for a fourth straight NLL championship. With the Iroquois gunning for its first gold medal, his injury could stall his team again. Jamieson will serve as an assistant coach, but the 2014 NLL MVP won’t be able to bring his 427 career points in 83 games to the field.Player to Watch: Austin Staats, ForwardFar and away the youngest Iroquois player at the tournament at 17, Staats tallied 41 goals and 50 assists in 17 games during the Junior A season in Canada for the Six Nations Arrows. Staats’ older brother Randy played for Syracuse for the last two seasons after a stint at Onondaga Community College. In his first WILC tournament, the younger brother could break out for the Iroquois.Current and Former Syracuse Players: Brett Bucktooth (2003-06), Jeremy Thompson (2010-11), Warren Hill (2015-Present), Sid Smith (2008-09), Randy Staats (2014-2015)Canada:Best Player: Shawn Evans, ForwardEvans brings a trio of 100-plus point seasons in the NLL to the table for Canada. The forward scored a career-high 47 goals this season for the Calgary Roughnecks and has assisted on another 83 goals. Despite 2015 being his career-best year, Evans didn’t win the NLL MVP award as he did two seasons earlier, in 2013. Evans’ role as a feeder in the NLL should complement Canada’s stable of forwards well, with Mark Matthews and Ryan Benesch being the two top goal scorers in the 2015 NLL season.Biggest Question: How well will these players play together?The roster is pretty much a who’s who of box lacrosse and is stacked. John Grant Jr., a legend in box lacrosse, isn’t on the roster, but the four highest-scoring players in the NLL — Evans, Matthews, Benesch and Dhane Smith — are on its roster. It seems Evans, besides being the team’s best player, is also one of its best distributors and might be able to connect such high-scoring players to make a cohesive offense.Player(s) to Watch: Aaron Bold, Matt Vinc and Brandon Miller, GoalieBold and Vinc are easily the two best goalies in the tournament with Vinc having been the NLL Goaltender of the Year for two consecutive seasons. Bold, however, carried the Edmonton Rush to an NLL championship in 2015 and tallied a 9.44 goals-against average. Vinc allowed 9.62 goals per game, giving up only one more goal over the course of the NLL season than Bold. On top of Bold and Vinc, Canada has Brandon Miller, who was fourth in goals-against average in the NLL, giving up 10.36. The three could potentially split time throughout the course of the tournament. Commentslast_img read more