Total ozone measured during EASOE by a UV-visible spectrometer which observes stars

first_imgTotal ozone was measured from Abisko, Sweden (68.4°N, 18.8°E) from January to early March 1992, by a new instrument which uses stars and the Moon as sources of UV-visible light for absorption spectroscopy. In addition, some zenith-sky observations were made. Ozone measurements obtained using both techniques are presented and compared with those from other instruments. Good agreement with simultaneous ozonesonde measurements is observed, but the stellar measurements appear systematically higher than total ozone measured by both SAOZ and TOMS.last_img

Energization of the ring current by substorms

first_imgThe substorm process releases large amounts of energy into the magnetospheric system, although where the energy is transferred to and how it is partitioned remains an open question. In this study, we address whether the substorm process contributes a significant amount of energy to the ring current. The ring current is a highly variable region, and understanding the energization processes provides valuable insight into how substorm-ring current coupling may contribute to the generation of storm conditions and provide a source of energy for wave driving. In order to quantify the energy input into the ring current during the substorm process, we analyze Radiation Belt Storm Probes Ion Composition Experiment and Helium Oxygen Proton Electron ion flux measurements for H+, O+, and He+. The energy content of the ring current is estimated and binned spatially for L and magnetic local time. The results are combined with an independently derived substorm event list to perform a statistical analysis of variations in the ring current energy content with substorm phase. We show that the ring current energy is significantly higher in the expansion phase compared to the growth phase, with the energy enhancement persisting into the substorm recovery phase. The characteristics of the energy enhancement suggest the injection of energized ions from the tail plasma sheet following substorm onset. The local time variations indicate a loss of energetic H+ ions in the afternoon sector, likely due to wave-particle interactions. Overall, we find that the average energy input into the ring current is similar to 9% of the previously reported energy released during substorms. Plain Language Summary The Earth’s near-space environment is populated by energetic charged particles, whose motion is largely controlled by the global geomagnetic field. This region, known as the magnetosphere, is highly dynamic and variable, strongly coupled to the solar wind (a continuous stream of charged particles outflowing from the Sun). At times, the Earth’s magnetic field can become highly distorted and release a large amount of energy into the magnetospheric system. This process is termed a substorm, and the release of energy has significant consequences for the structure of the region and the characteristics of the plasma within it. The amount of energy that is transferred to the magnetospheric particle population remains to be fully understood. In this study, we use spacecraft measurements of highly energetic particles observed by the Van Allen Probes between 2012 and 2017. Using a statistical approach, we quantify the magnitude of the energy input into the particle population due to a typical substorm. Furthermore, we investigate the location of the energy enhancements, providing an insight into how energy is transported throughout the magnetospheric system.last_img read more

Cooplands to accelerate growth as sales top £50m

first_imgSales at bakery chain Coopland & Son (Scarborough) have risen 5.7% year-on-year to £50.2m.In its financial statement for the year ended 31 March 2019, the company said it had continued to grow organically, with additional outlets in new areas and its traditional customer base.Cooplands has expanded rapidly following an £8.5m investment by BGF in 2017 and now operates 160 shops and 12 cafés that are typically located in shopping parades and high streets.It has also expanded its sandwich van fleet to 35 vehicles that operate from its bakeries in Durham and Hull.The company reported continued uncertainty around material costs, although these had not been as extreme as in previous years. Operating profit at the business was £0.9m, down from £1.2m the previous year.Cooplands recently announced the appointment of former Morrisons marketing head Belinda Youngs as chief executive.“Cooplands is a brand with a rich heritage and an exciting future ahead,” said Youngs. ”Working alongside BGF, our long-term investment partner, we have ambitious plans to accelerate this growth through developing our brand strategy. This will see an evolution of our shop format and respective product offering in each location.”Youngs added that the business had invested in its three bakeries to provide a platform for growth and innovation.“A couple of examples of initiatives now in the market, or launching soon, include our innovative Christmas range,” she explained. “2020 will see the relaunch of our breakfast range to incorporate healthier and even more convenient choices, as well as the continued development of our vegan range.”last_img read more

Double-duty debate will keep Davison busy at Indianapolis

first_img SUBSCRIBE TO US Last Updated: 15th August, 2020 11:34 IST Double-duty Debate Will Keep Davison Busy At Indianapolis James Davison would do almost anything to go racing full-time again — even pulling double duty at two of the sport’s most iconic venues with an injured heel. James Davison would do almost anything to go racing full-time again — even pulling double duty at two of the sport’s most iconic venues with an injured heel.This weekend, the 33-year-old Australian just might get his chance.After attempting to qualify Saturday for the Indianapolis 500, Davison plans to sit down with team owners Dale Coyne and Rick Ware, study Sunday’s forecasts and decide whether he should stay in town for practice or go to Daytona and compete in the NASCAR Cup Series race.“We’ll have to make kind of an executive decision,” Davison said. “You know the Indianapolis 500 is the Indianapolis 500 and we’ve got nearly 10 more Cup races left on the schedule. But this is our time to shine, and we want to put ourselves in the best position to win it.”No, it’s not the traditional double the late John Andretti pioneered in 1994 — competing in Indianapolis and the Coca-Cola 600 on the same day in May. But in an unprecedented season, which included moving the 500 to August with empty grandstands, Davison’s busy weekend might be the next best thing.The choice sounds simple — focus on race setup for the Aug. 23 IndyCar showcase or chase points on Daytona’s road course.There are complications.Davison suffered second-degree burns on his left heel at New Hampshire during his third start of the Cup season. He finished 30th in his debut with Ware’s NASCAR team but the injury caused enough discomfort that Davison was walking around Gasoline Alley this week in sandals.And, of course, there’s always the weather. Sunday’s forecast is calling for temperatures in the low to mid 80s with a 20% chance of rain.But everyone involved in the decision-making process also understands what a strong Indy performance could mean for their teams, their sponsors, even Davison.“It’s obviously a unique opportunity, where I’m racing in the two major racing series in the U.S., and the way we’re going in NASCAR is not the best way to shine ,” Davison said. “We’re with one of the smaller teams and with COVID-19, we’ve had no practice and we’re running on ovals I’m not familiar with. So I’m trying to go in with the mindset that we’re racing against guys in the same equipment and I need to gain more stock car experience.”Still, Davison acknowledges it’s a better position than he’s been in years.When he finished 2009 as the Indy Lights runner-up, the then-22-year-old looked poised to become one of IndyCar’s most promising young drivers.Instead, he spent the next decade hunting for jobs, chasing sponsors and bouncing from team to team and series to series. The closest he came to a regular ride was 2014 when he started 10 of 15 races in sports cars.So when he was offered 10 races on the Cup side, Davison jumped.“I’d like to think I’d do a full season next year,” he said. “I love IndyCar racing but I’ve been trying to get a full-time ride for 10 years and I’ve never had the sponsorship. So it would most likely be with Rick Ware.”Admittedly, like so many other open-wheel drivers though, Davison isn’t ready to give up on Indy and neither is his team.Davison had made five starts in the 500 since 2014, twice from the 33rd and final spot in the field. Yet his finishing spot has been better than his starting position in four of those races, including a career-best 12th last year with Coyne’s team.Where exactly does Davison fits in this year’s qualifications remains unclear.He was 10th on the speed chart after the first two days of practice with a fast lap of 224.315 mph. Series officials gave each car drivers a horsepower boost Friday and after almost four-plus hours of practice, Davison was 24th with a top speed of 229.776.The good news: He’s using a Honda engine, which held 13 of the top 15 spots midway through Friday’s practice. And if Davison finds enough to make Sunday’s nine-car pole shootout, the decision would be easy.“I think what the weather looks like here Sunday probably will be the thing,” Davison said. “So it’s a little bit TBD. But we don’t want our 500 practice to be compromised, so we’ll need to make an executive decision.” LIVE TV First Published: 15th August, 2020 11:34 IST Written Bycenter_img COMMENT WATCH US LIVE Associated Press Television News FOLLOW USlast_img read more

The Tiger watch is on for final major of the year

first_imgWILL HE PLAY?–Golf fan Nevin Baker carries his daughter, Sophia, 4, on his shoulders as they walk past a photo of Tiger Woods at the PGA Championship golf tournament at Valhalla Golf Club Monday, Aug. 4, 2014, in Louisville, Ky. The tournament is set to begin on Thursday. (AP Photo/Jeff Roberson)LOUISVILLE, Ky. (AP) — Joe LaCava walked nearly every blade of grass on the 18th green at Valhalla Golf Club, jotting notes in his yardage book after stepping off the distances from every edge of the green to every possible pin position. It was just like any other Monday at a major.The caddie just didn’t know whether any of this information would be useful in the PGA Championship. LaCava was awaiting word on whether his boss — Tiger Woods — would be healthy enough to play the final major of the year.“I’m optimistic,” LaCava said after he finished charting the entire golf course. “I’m hoping he plays. So I’m just doing whatever work I would normally do.”The caddie was at Valhalla. So was his car, a silver SUV parked in the spot assigned to the four-time PGA champion.As for Woods?Stay tuned. His agent, Mark Steinberg at Excel Sports Management, said in an email that Monday would be too early for doctors to decide whether Woods could or even should try to play this week after another back injury.The PGA of America said that Woods would not have his previously scheduled news conference Tuesday morning. It did not provide additional details.Woods took another turn toward an uncertain future when he withdrew after eight holes and one final shot Sunday at the Bridgestone Invitational. Before leaving Firestone, he said he jarred his back when he hopped into a deep bunker after playing a shot on the par-5 second hole from an awkward lie off the slope above the sand.“It’s just the whole lower back,” Woods said. “I don’t know what happened.”Making the picture look even bleaker was the timing. Woods had back surgery March 31 to alleviate the pain from a pinched nerve. The Bridgestone Invitational was only his third tournament since returning from a three-month absence. And there he went again, riding off the golf course in a cart, struggling to even remove his shoes before LaCava drove him to the airport for a flight back to Florida for evaluation.“Obviously, I feel bad for him,” Rory McIlroy told the BBC on Monday. “The game of golf really needs Tiger. He’s had a few withdrawals the past couple of years. I think the first thing is just to get fit and 100 percent healthy, even if that means taking the year off and coming back next year ready to play golf.”If he doesn’t play the PGA Championship, his season indeed would be over.Woods has to win the final major of the year to qualify for the FedEx Cup playoffs. He would have to win to clinch a spot on the Ryder Cup team. And by the sound of U.S. captain Tom Watson, he would have to play at Valhalla to even merit consideration as a wild-card selection.“Tiger would be a great addition to our team,” Watson told SiriusXM PGA Tour Radio on Monday. “I’ve said all along, I would pick Tiger Woods if he’s healthy and playing well. This doesn’t bode well right now. I just hope that maybe it’s just an isolated problem that he can turn around and possibly play this week at the PGA.”Watson said he watched the entire front nine and knew something was wrong with Woods after his tee shot on the par-3 fifth hole came up 65 yards short.“You don’t hit that terrible a shot ever — ever,” Watson said. “And I said, ‘Something is wrong.’”LaCava noticed it much earlier, when Woods hit a shot so heavy that it came up 30 yards short of the flag and into the water on the third hole.“I knew he was hurting when he fatted the one on 3, which he never does,” LaCava said. “He never fats them like that.”Woods kept playing, though, until grimacing on a tee shot at the ninth, slowly bending to remove his tee and calling for a cart to take him in. Why not stop sooner?“He’s tough,” LaCava said. “Tough and stubborn would be two good words.”Woods has not been back to Valhalla in 14 years, not since that high-charged playoff victory over Bob May that gave Woods his third straight major on his way to an unprecedented sweep of the majors at the height of his game. Woods was recovering from season-ending knee surgery in 2008 and did not play in the Ryder Cup.The course has changed since, with Jack Nicklaus making various tweaks, especially around the green. The par is now 71 with the second hole changed to a par 4. Otherwise, it looked to be in immaculate conditions on the first day of practice.Phil Mickelson, coming off a 62 in the final round at Firestone, played nine holes. The practice range and chipping area were crowded with players. McIlroy already was back at work, having established himself as the overwhelming favorite coming off his wire-to-wire win at the British Open and rallying from three shots behind to win at Firestone.Still to be determined is whether Woods would be able to join them.last_img read more

The current crop insurance landscape

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest The USDA projects record corn and soybean yields for 2016, but our regional crop yields look good but variable across Indiana, Ohio, Kentucky and Tennessee.“Though not widespread, we’ve seen pockets of drought and flooding that reduced yields and grain quality,” said Jason Alexander, Vice President-Crop Insurance, Farm Credit Mid-America. “Some hard-hit farms are posting corn yields at just 75 to 100 bushels per acre or less and they won’t be the only ones submitting crop loss insurance claims this year.”For some farmers, low grain prices will be the biggest challenge that triggers a claim. So, what are some questions farmers should be asking themselves right now about crop insurance?There are plenty of crop insurance questions to answer. For example, what if your yield is at or somewhat above your guarantee but the corn price is low? What is your coverage level? Is your policy on enterprise units or optional units? Did you choose 80 percent or 85 percent coverage?These details and others can make a big difference in determining if you should be getting an insurance payment and, if so, how much.“Nationwide, corn crop prices are looking like they will be well below the spring guarantee corn price of $3.86,” Alexander said. “If corn is in the $3.00 to $3.35 range and that will likely trigger many revenue-based crop insurance claims.”In these market conditions, it’s a good idea to stay in contact with your insurance specialist to evaluate potential claims and their impact on your farm’s bottom line.AUDIO: Farm Credit’s Jason Alexander visits with The Ohio Ag Net’s Ty Higgins about the current crop insurance landscape.Farm Credit Mid America Full Interview Jason Alexander 11.07.16For more financial tips, insights and perspectives from Farm Credit Mid-America, visit e-FarmCredit.com/insightslast_img read more

Hard work paying off as Lady Eagles run like well-oiled machine

first_imgPhilippine Arena Interchange inaugurated DA eyes importing ‘galunggong’ anew Hontiveros presses for security audit of national power grid Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next MANILA, Philippines—It doesn’t look like Ateneo’s victorious run in the UAAP Season 81 women’s volleyball tournament would end anytime soon.ADVERTISEMENT PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games PLAY LIST 02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games02:11Trump awards medals to Jon Voight, Alison Krauss LATEST STORIES The Lady Eagles easily swept Far Eastern University, 25-21, 25-10, 25-18, Wednesday to stretch their winning streak to nine straight games since losing the opener in February.No other team in this tournament has established a four-game winning streak wth University of Santo Tomas, De La Salle, and FEU only winning three straight.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSPalace wants Cayetano’s PHISGOC Foundation probed over corruption chargesSPORTSSingapore latest to raise issue on SEA Games food, logistics“I think it just shows our hard work is paying off and that it doesn’t matter what happened in the past, it doesn’t matter who it is, we just have to deal with it now,” said opposite hitter Kat Tolentino.“It’s the second round and we have to give everything and I think that’s what the team did,” added Tolentino, who finished with 11 points to lead the Lady Tamaraws. Private companies step in to help SEA Games hosting Duterte wants probe of SEA Games messcenter_img Panelo: Duterte ‘angry’ with SEA Games hosting hassles Cayetano: Senate, Drilon to be blamed for SEA Games mess Ponggay Gaston, who also had 11 points in the game, said one of her teammates just barked “guys work together” when they were down 10-6 against the Lady Tamaraws in the third set.“There was a point when we were behind but that didn’t stop as because we knew we had to work as a team and there was someone in the court that said ‘guys work together’ then after that we just jelled,” said Gaston.Behind Ateneo’s offense, though, was Deanna Wong who orchestrated everything with 30 excellent sets for the Lady Eagles.Both Gaston and Tolentino were in awe of Wong’s playmaking but the setter would rather deflect the praise to her teammates.“Actually it’s not in my head how many excellent sets I get, this is a team win,” said Wong. “I just have to get the ball all the time and I’ll always be there for the team. I have excellent sets because of my spikers.”ADVERTISEMENT View comments MOST READ SEA Games hosting troubles anger Duterte Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. ABL: Alab Pilipinas title hopes go up in smoke with quarterfinals exitlast_img read more