Gard: Switch to Low Sulphur Fuel Prior to Entering ECA

first_imgzoom The US Coast Guard (USCG) has voiced concerns about the increasing number of vessels at risk of experiencing loss of propulsion when performing change-over operations to low sulphur fuel, the marine insurer Gard reports.As part of the increasingly stricter air emission limits enforced through MARPOL Annex VI, vessels operating in the established Emission Control Areas (ECAs) can, as of January 1, 2015, no longer use fuel with a sulphur content exceeding 0.1% by weight unless an approved exhaust gas cleaning system is installed.As the machinery systems of many vessels were not designed to operate on low sulphur fuels, difficulties can arise when switching from one fuel to another, both during the actual fuel change-over and during continuous operation on low sulphur fuel.According to the USCG, vessels have reported several incidents involving substantial fuel leakages while switching fuel to ensure compliance with the North American ECA requirements. Although these leakages were contained, the USCG emphasises that fuel releases of any kind can lead to more serious incidents involving pollution, engine room fires, and personal injuries.The USCG also reports that many losses of propulsion have occurred in various ports and have been associated with fuel change-over processes and procedures.Gard has warned its members that ships operating within ECA areas, currently the North American area, the US Caribbean Sea area, the Baltic Sea area and the North Sea area, must use low sulphur fuel the entire time the vessel is operating within an ECA, on inbound and outbound transits as well as at the dock.Each vessel must develop and implement suitable shipboard procedures for fuel change-over in accordance with MARPOL Annex VI, Regulation 14.6, allowing sufficient time to complete the fuel oil change-over prior to crossing the ECA border.last_img read more

Competition between countries posing serious threats to peace Prime Minister of Pakistan

“A new Cold War threatens to engulf Europe [and] turmoil is intensifying in the Middle East,” said Prime Minister Muhammad Nawaz Sharif in his address to the General Assembly today. “Peace cannot be built when injustice prevails,” he added, noting that it is essential to reconcile the divergent objectives and priorities of regional and external powers. He reported to the General Assembly that the adverse global economic environment, Pakistan has robust growth and that it has fully integrated the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development into its economic and social strategy. Stressing that internal peace and stability are a requisite for economic development, Prime Minister Sharif said that Pakistan, despite being a victim to international terrorism, will not allow externally sponsored terrorism and threats of destabilization to cause turbulence. “We will not win the fight against terrorism and violent extremism so long as we do not address their root causes,” he noted, adding that these lie in “poverty and ignorance, political and social injustice and oppression, foreign intervention and occupation and denial of the legitimate rights of peoples and nations, especially the right to self-determination.” Referring specifically to Afghanistan, the Pakistani leader underlined that progress will be assured only when the Afghan parties themselves conclude that there is no military solution to the conflict there and work diligently, through a meaningful dialogue process, to achieve reconciliation and peace within the country. Also stressing that Pakistan wants peace with India, Prime Minister Sharif said: “Let us be clear: talks are no favour to Pakistan. Talks are in the interest of both countries. They are essential to resolve our differences, especially the Jammu and Kashmir dispute, and to avert the danger of any escalation.” He made a strong call for an independent inquiry into the extra-judicial killings in Kashmir and for a UN fact finding mission to investigate “brutalities perpetrated by the Indian occupying forces,” so that those guilty of these atrocities are punished, as well as called the implementation of Security Council resolutions on the subject of Kashmir. “This General Assembly must demand that India deliver on the commitments its leaders solemnly made on many occasions,” he emphasized. The Prime Minister also said that as a responsible nuclear weapon State, Pakistan will continue to cooperate with all international efforts that seek to promote fair and equitable solutions to disarmament and non-proliferation challenges and that it has introduced “state of the art” measures to strengthen the safety and security of our nuclear materials and facilities, and said that the basis of objective criteria, and without discrimination, it is fully eligible for membership of the nuclear suppliers’ group. In conclusion, Prime Minister Sharif emphasized his country’s unwavering commitment to the UN as illustrated by its contribution to UN peacekeeping efforts. “Pakistan has a vital stake in ending conflicts, fostering peace, fighting terrorism, strengthening democracy, promoting human rights, generating global growth and overcoming the challenges of environmental degradation,” he said, adding: “We can achieve these goals, and create a new and peaceful world order, only through the UN and by strict adherence to the principles of its Charter.” read more

Blood pressure drugs could be given to half the adult population under

first_imgNice said it was considering the same evidence, alongside other trials, such as one by Oxford University which found similar benefits. The watchdog said it will publish its new advice next year. The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (Nice) is considering evidence which has led the US to change its advice, making millions more patients eligible for daily drugs to cut their heart attack risk. Currently,… The recommendations follow trials which found that aggressively lowering the targets for blood pressure could reduce death risks among over 50s by almost one quarter. Half of the adult population would be put on blood pressure drugs under new proposals being considered by NHS watchdogs.last_img