An assessment of the polar HOx photochemical budget based on 2003 Summit Greenland field observations

first_imgAn interpretative modeling analysis is conducted to simulate the diurnal variations in OH and HO2 + RO2 observed at Summit, Greenland in 2003. The main goal is to assess the HOx budget and to quantify the impact of snow emissions on ambient HOx as well as on CH2O and H2O2. This analysis is based on composite diurnal profiles of HOx precursors recorded during a 3-day period (July 7-9), which were generally compatible with values reported in earlier studies. The model simulations can reproduce the observed diurnal variation in HO2 + RO2 when they are constrained by observations of H2O2 and CH2O. By contrast, model predictions of OH were about factor of 2 higher than the observed values. Modeling analysis of H2O2 suggests that its distinct diurnal variation is likely controlled by snow emissions and loss by deposition and/or scavenging. Similarly, deposition and/or scavenging sinks are needed to reproduce the observed diel profile in CH2O. This study suggests that for the Summit 2003 period snow emissions contribute similar to 25% of the total CH2O production, while photochemical oxidation of hydrocarbon appears to be the dominant source. A budget assessment of HOx radicals shows that primary production from O(D-1) + H2O and photolysis of snow emitted precursors (i.e., H2O2 and CH2O)are the largest primary HOx sources at Summit, contributing 41% and 40%, respectively. The snow contribution to the HOx budget is mostly in the form of emissions of H2O2. The dominant HO, sink involves the HO2 + HO2 reaction forming H2O2, followed by its deposition to snow. These results differ from those previously reported for the South Pole (SP), in that primary production of HOx was shown to be largely driven by both the photolysis of CH2O and H2O2 emissions (46%) with smaller contributions coming from the oxidation of CH4 and the 0(D-1) + H2O reaction (i.e., 27% each). In sharp contrast to the findings at Summit in 2003, due to the much higher levels of NOx the SP HO, sinks are dominated by HOx-NOx reactions, leading to the formation and deposition of HNO3 and HO2NO2. Thus, a comparison between SP and Summit studies suggests that snow emissions appear to play a prominent role in controlling primary HOx production in both environments. However, as regards to maintaining highly elevated levels of OH, the two environments differ substantially. At Summit the elevated rate for primary production of HOx is most important; whereas, at SP it is the rapid recycling of the more prevalent HO2 radical, through reaction with NO, back to OH that is primarily responsible.last_img read more

Hawks’ Trae Young out next two games with ankle sprain

first_img Written by April 23, 2021 /Sports News – National Hawks’ Trae Young out next two games with ankle sprain Beau Lundcenter_img FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailChristian Petersen/Getty Images(ATLANTA) — Atlanta Hawks point guard Trae Young will be benched for the team’s next two games after injuring his ankle earlier this week.Young, 22, had to leave Wednesday night’s game against the New York Knicks after landing wrong on his ankle following a shot in the third quarter. The Hawks went on to lose in overtime, 137-127.On Thursday, he underwent an MRI which revealed a lateral left ankle sprain, the team announced on Twitter. The diagnosis means he will miss Friday night’s game against the Miami Heat and Sunday’s matchup against the Milwaukee Bucks.An @emoryhealthcare injury update:Following an MRI today at the Emory Sports Medicine Complex, Trae Young was diagnosed with a lateral left ankle sprain. He will be listed as out for our next two games, and his status will be updated as appropriate.— Atlanta Hawks (@ATLHawks) April 22, 2021Young’s injury comes as the Hawks hope to clinch an outright spot in the NBA playoffs next month and avoid having to compete in the league’s Play-In Tournament.Atlanta is currently the No. 5 seed in the Eastern Conference. The top six teams from each conference automatically advance to the playoffs.Copyright © 2021, ABC Audio. All rights reserved.last_img read more

‘Under Offer: Estate Agents On The Job’ hits the screens

first_imgA NEW SHOW for BBC Two will unlock the doors to the estate agency profession by giving viewers exclusive access to the working lives of 11 estate agents from across the whole country as they help their clients in their efforts to become home owners.Under Offer: Estate Agents On The Job, a new six-part weekly series, airs this week, and will feature a wide range of personalities working within the estate agency sector, all sharing the same goal: to get their clients what they want.This major new series follows the highs and lows of the people that broker property purchases, with the various fortunes of estate agents across the UK put in the spotlight.Estate agent to the wealthy, Gary Hersham, operates in some of the UK’s most expensive postcodes. His latest instruction, a £39 million town-house complete with eight-bathrooms, private gym and cinema, is up for grabs in Mayfair W1 – the heart of prime central London.It is a very different world for Lynne Blaney in Spennymoor, County Durham – where houses start at auction for £1.Exeter, Devon, one of the UK’s most desirable places to live, sees rookie estate agent Lewis Rossiter juggling two deadlines – a pregnant wife and a demanding client who wants her house sold – fast.And, in Birmingham, veteran agent Dave Simms’ dog-eat-dog world, two couples, desperate to downsize, compete for the same prized bungalow in Birmingham.Commissioned by Alison Kirkham, Head of Commissioning Factual Features & Formats, the series was filmed between June 2013 and January 2014 by the independent production company betty. Annabel Hobley is the executive producer and Simon Draper is the series producer for betty.Alison Kirkham, BBC Head of Commissioning for Factual Features & Formats, said: “Estate agents are irresistibly watchable characters. In this series, they offer fascinating insights into Britain’s extraordinarily varied property market. From multi-million-pound houses through to repossessed homes auctioned with a starting price of just a pound. Along the way the audience can pick up insider tips on how best to buy and sell their own homes.”Under offer: estate agents on the job estate agent documentary estate agent tv programme estate agents on tv July 28, 2014The NegotiatorWhat’s your opinion? Cancel replyYou must be logged in to post a comment.Please note: This is a site for professional discussion. Comments will carry your full name and company.This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.Related articles 40% of tenants planning a move now that Covid has eased says Nationwide3rd May 2021 Letting agent fined £11,500 over unlicensed rent-to-rent HMO3rd May 2021 BREAKING: Evictions paperwork must now include ‘breathing space’ scheme details30th April 2021 Home » News » Agencies & People » ‘Under Offer: Estate Agents On The Job’ hits the screens previous nextAgencies & People‘Under Offer: Estate Agents On The Job’ hits the screensGrant Leonard28th July 20140839 Viewslast_img read more

HMRC quietly drops AML application fee for estate agents

first_imgHMRC has dropped its £100 Anti Money Laundering (AML) application fee that used to be charged to each estate agency when first registering to be supervised.The announcement came just 24 hours before the latest regulations became a legal requirement.This sop to agents follow HMRC’s decision to hike its Anti Money Laundering (AML) registration and annual renewal charges earlier this year to £300 per branch.The howls of protest from the industry over the increased charges appear to have persuaded HMRC to drop its additional application fee.HMRC has been raising the fees it charges the businesses it oversees for AML compliance for several years.“Estate agents are required by law to register for AML supervision and renew the registration annually,” says David Cox (left), Chief Executive of ARLA Propertymark. “Agents should be aware that the fees for AML supervision are changing”Back in 2015 HMRC charged £110 for a single branch to register which increased to £115 in 2017 and then £300 last year. This fee is payable when registering for AML and also paid each year as a renewable fee.Agents then pay £40 per employee to have them screened for any criminal convictions, which it calls an ‘approval process fee’.This means a ten-branch estate agency will pay £3,000 to register for AML and may have to pay the costs of checking the nominated officer in each branch, costing another £400.Following the new legislation that went live today, letting agencies dealing with rentals over €10,000 per calendar month will also now have to pay these charges.Read the full HMRC fees guidance.AML fees AML compliance January 10, 2020Nigel LewisWhat’s your opinion? Cancel replyYou must be logged in to post a comment.Please note: This is a site for professional discussion. Comments will carry your full name and company.This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.Related articles BREAKING: Evictions paperwork must now include ‘breathing space’ scheme details30th April 2021 City dwellers most satisfied with where they live30th April 2021 Hong Kong remains most expensive city to rent with London in 4th place30th April 2021 Home » News » HMRC quietly drops AML application fee for estate agents previous nextRegulation & LawHMRC quietly drops AML application fee for estate agentsDecision is made to remove the £100 fee just 24 hours before the latest and 5th EU Anti Money Laundering directive passes into UK law.Nigel Lewis10th January 202002,613 Viewslast_img read more

Govt Mulls CISF Troops Onboard Indian Merchant Vessels

first_img Authorities View post tag: Naval View post tag: Merchant View post tag: Onboard View post tag: CISF View post tag: Navy The Indian government is mulling deploying armed CISF guards onboard domestic merchant vessels in order to thwart any piracy attempt, the deccanherald reports.The CISF personnel will travel on the vessels in the Indian Ocean region up to the tip of Somalia.“The government is desirous of giving the responsibility to us. However, no decision has been taken and nitty gritty are being deliberated at present,” CISF Director General Rajiv told reporters.“Once we are entrusted with the new responsibility, we will need to train our personnel with the Indian Navy to acclimatise them for long-haul travelling on sea and we also will have to see how they will operate as the CISF is an armed force,” he added.India was contemplating utilising services of armed guards from paramilitary forces for security duty on board on merchant vessels, union shipping secretary, K Mohandas said in Kochi last month.[mappress]Naval Today Staff , March 05, 2012; Image: seasecurity View post tag: Mulls View post tag: News by topic View post tag: Indian Govt Mulls CISF Troops Onboard Indian Merchant Vessels View post tag: Govt View post tag: Troops March 5, 2012 Back to overview,Home naval-today Govt Mulls CISF Troops Onboard Indian Merchant Vessels View post tag: vessels Share this articlelast_img read more

US Navy Names Future Joint High-Speed Vessel

first_img US Navy Names Future Joint High-Speed Vessel Mabus chose the name Yuma as a tribute to the residents of the Arizona city and their close ties with the military.“The real reason we’re here today is the people of Yuma,” said Mabus. “For 86 years you have been supporting military aviation here in the heart of Arizona, and for 55 years you have been the desert home of Marine Corps aviation.”Speaking to a crowd that included Yuma’s Mayor Douglas Nicholls, Mabus explained what the future may hold for JHSV 8.“The ships we build today will be a part of fleet for more than three decades. Sailors not yet born will serve in her,” he said. “With her ability to operate in areas that might be otherwise inaccessible, USNS Yuma may well be the only part of America, and her Sailors the only Americans, some people in the world will ever see.”The future USNS Yuma will be built on a catamaran hull that can operate in shallow waterways. It will feature a flight deck able to support day and night helicopter and unmanned aircraft operations. JHSVs also have, according to Mabus, “a whole lot of space inside,” an important aspect of future operations.“That space is what makes these ships so important for our future,” he said. “It gives our Marines and Sailors an opportunity to come up with new and innovative ways of operating. These ships will carry Marines across the vast Pacific, operating with our partners and helping to build up our allies.”JHSVs will also deploy to the Caribbean and South and Central America as well as work with Special Operations forces among other missions.Mabus concluded his remarks at the ceremony by thanking the city for hosting the event and sharing its name with the Department of the Navy.“Thank you for this opportunity to share with you our recognition of your city and your support of our Navy and Marine Corps,” he said. “Thank you all for being here and joining in the celebration of what I know will be a continued special relationship between Yuma, the Marine Corps, the Navy and the ship which will bear its name.”[mappress]Press Release, April 27, 2014; Image: US Navy View post tag: Naval April 27, 2014 View post tag: Joint View post tag: News by topic View post tag: future View post tag: vessel Back to overview,Home naval-today US Navy Names Future Joint High-Speed Vessel center_img View post tag: Navy View post tag: names View post tag: US Secretary of the U.S. Navy, Ray Mabus, attended a ship naming ceremony for the future joint high-speed vessel (JHSV) USNS Yuma (JHSV 8) April 25 in Yuma’s Gateway Park. View post tag: High-Speed Authorities Share this articlelast_img read more

University announces plans for in-person teaching in Michaelmas, UCU not consulted

first_imgHowever, the question remains as to whether it will be possible to resume in-person teaching by Michaelmas term, which begins on 1st October, especially if social distancing measures are still in place. In an email to students, the vice-chancellor, Prof Louise Richardson, affirmed the university’s intention to conduct both in-person and remote teaching in Michaelmas 2020. Lectures and other large group teaching will remain online, but it is planned for smaller groups to once again be taught face-to-face with tutors. The University of Oxford was contacted for comment. “Oxford UCU have not heard anything from the University about the resumption of face-to-face teaching before the announcement last week. Needless to say, it came as quite a shock to us and many of our members. We have significant health and safety concerns which have not been addressed by the University, and we insist that they do so urgently.” Image credit to Martin Addison/ Wikimedia Commons. The University and College Union (UCU) – responsible for the strike action earlier in the year –raised objections to the plan on Twitter, due to their own concerns about the proposal. In a comment to Cherwell, the UCU committee stated:center_img Trinity term has been carried out remotely following changes in government guidance as a result of the coronavirus pandemic. But the vice-chancellor hailed ‘face-to-face personalised education’ as the hallmark of Oxford in her communications with students. Other universities have announced their own plans for teaching next academic year. Cambridge University made national headlines when it announced its own intention to have lectures online only for the whole of the next academic year. The University of Reading also committed to online lectures for the upcoming term.  Oxford University has announced its commitment to resume some face-to-face teaching in Michaelmas term. A significant portion of senior academic staff are over 60, the age group most at risk of severe illness or death should they contract Covid-19, according to Imperial College London and University of Oxford research. So there may be some reluctance among staff to resume interacting with students in person.last_img read more


first_imgIS IT TRUE members of the Vanderburgh County Commission and Evansville City Council just passed a minimum square footage housing ordinance that could allow ‘TINY HOMES” to be built in the rural areas of Vanderburgh County?  …days after this vote, Mayor Winnecke said: “Let the experts do what we’ve engaged them to do”? IS IT TRUE we appreciate Chanda Ramsey the Marketing & Communications Creative Director for the Southwest Indiana Chamber Of Commerce for sending us important news articles about the happenings at the area Chamber?IS IT TRUE our “READERS POLLS” are non-scientific but trendy? Please take time and read our articles entitled “STATEHOUSE FILES, LAW ENFORCEMENT, “READERS POLL”, BIRTHDAYS, HOT JOBS”, EDUCATION, OBITUARIES and “LOCAL SPORTS”.  You now are able to subscribe to get the CCO daily.If you would like to advertise on the CCO please contact us at City-County [email protected]: City-County Observer Comment Policy. Be kind to people. No personal attacks or harassment will not be tolerated and shall be removed from our site. We understand that sometimes people don’t always agree and discussions may become a little heated.  The use of offensive language, insults against commenters will not be tolerated and will be removed from our site. IS IT TRUE that the City Of Evansville’s “Local Income Tax” dollars (LIT) is being used to fund numerous nonprofits organizations while the City continues to have a $3 million dollar deficit in their 2020 City Employees Health Insurance plan? We hope that today’s “IS IT TRUE” will provoke honest and open dialogue concerning issues that we, as responsible citizens of this community, need to address in a rational and responsible way?(Recently we detected an issue where our subscribers may have not been getting breaking news alerts from the City-County Observer. This notification is to let you know that starting today you have been added to receive future news alerts.  If you no longer want to receive future news alerts please opt-out by clicking the  link in your e-mail to unsubscribe.)IS IT TRUE that County Commissioner Jeff Hatfield proposes allowing ATV’s and Golf Carts on certain County roads?  …this ordinance does not apply to the City of Evansville, Darmstadt or State Hwy’s and roads? …most of the allowable roads are located in the NW corner of the county. Currently, Posey, Gibson, and many areas of Warrick County allow this practice?   …there is no reason that Vanderburgh should exclude ATVs and Golf Carts on certain roads that see very little traffic in a country that allows unlimited use of motorcycles and mopeds on all roads, there is no reason to exclude ATVs and golf carts on roads that see very little traffic?  …we five (5) cheers to the President of the Vanderburgh County Commission Jeff Hatfield for thinking outside the regulatory box?  …give five (5) cheers to County Commissioners Musgrave and Shoulders for also supporting this common-sense legislation?  …that the County Commissioners didn’t have to pay a consultant $250,000 to do a study concerning this issue?IS IT TRUE attached is the link of the Vanderburgh County Ordinance concerning the off-road vehicles and golf carts approved by the Vanderburgh County Commissioners? …open the link here:  golf carts 86923?IS IT TRUE  we are told that the names have changed but the games are the same concerning the decision-making process of the 2020 Evansville City Council?  …that it’s obvious that Mayor Winnecke continues to work his political magic by getting everything he wants from the 2020 City Council?  …they say that the power is in the budget?  …we are told that the newly appointed Finance Chairman of the Evansville City Council is a staunch supporter of the Mayor and has so far had masterfully convinced the Democratic-controlled City Council to support almost every major financial request of the Mayor?IS IT TRUE the unit of government with the largest population in every county currently rule how “Local Income Tax” monies are allocated?  …in Vanderburgh County, the Mayor of Evansville has the final say in the allocation of “Local Income Tax” (LIT) monies for the whole county because Evansville has the largest population?IS IT TRUE that “Local Income Taxes” have been the go-to option (other than property taxes) for increasing local revenue due to property tax caps?  …that the “Local Income Taxes” is levied on a percentage of the income of working residents and non-residents who work in the county?  …this known as a ‘Regressive Tax”? FacebookTwitterCopy LinkEmailShare IS IT TRUE that some members of City Council (Weaver, Mosby, and Elpers) are trying to cut some of the city funds donated to area nonprofits?  …that members of Evansville City Council in the past years have tried to cut funds donated to nonprofits but failed because the majority of Evansville City Council members were afraid of losing votes?IS IT TRUE that the City requested that City Council approve donating $27,000 for contractural services to pay for additional repairs needed to the house at 650 Lincoln Avenue?   …this house was recently purchased by and donated to the Evansville African American Museum by the Evansville DMD?IS IT TRUE that the City just requested that $981,583.00 appropriations from the “Local Road and Streets Fund?” to provide additional funds for the Welborn/Walnut street project?  …it looks like someone in the city government needs to learn cash flow management?IS IT TRUE we are pleased to hear that financial accountability on how to spend local taxpayer dollars continues to be discussed by legislators at the Statehouse? IS IT TRUE when Christopher Cooke was hired as the Superintendent of the City Of Evansville Cemeteries the cemeteries had some serious challenges?  …over the years Mr. Cooke took the bull by the horn a made some much-needed improvements to our cemeteries on a barebone budget?  …we give five (5) cheers to Christopher Cooke the Superintendent of the City Of Evansville Cemeteries for during an excellent job in managing our cemeteries?center_img Today’s “Readers Poll” question is: Do you feel that Evansville is headed in the right direction? IS IT TRUE when the people fear the Government we have Tyranny!  When the Government fears the people we have Liberty IS IT TRUE we always been told that doctors and peachers are known not to pay their bills in a timely manner?  …from recent experiences, we must include elected public officials? IS IT TRUE attached are a few examples of past studies or projections of consultants that our readers felt that may have missed the mark?  …a prediction if the City spends millions of our tax dollars to build around 24 expensive homes (that costs $250,000 each) for low to moderate-income folks in the Hayne’s area they would sell like hotcakes? … a study of expanding the University Parkway; a study that projected that the Ford Center would be a cash cow for the taxpayers of Evansville; the West Franklin Street parking study; a projection that predicted spending $18 million dollars on renovating North Street would generate unprecedented economic growth for that area; a study that predicted if the Evansville taxpayers would donate $30 million dollars to build a new downtown Hotel it would attract many major conventions; a study that convinced local officials that they should invest $250,000 towards the Earthcare project; the recommendation that locating the LST at Marina Point would become a major regional tourist attraction and doesn’t need any seed money to adequately promoted this project regionally; a study and predictions if donate $58 million dollars to help build a downtown medical school it would attract about 2,000 medical students, a consultant projected if the City installs “Smart Water Meters” the water customer would save a substantial amount of money on their water bills, and let’s not forget the numerous studies over the years concerning the re-routing of downtown traffic?IS IT TRUE many people wonder what is the main reasons why print media have lost credibility with the general public over the years?  …we are told that one of the main reasons is that print media have allowed themselves to become the “Ministers Of Progranda” for elected local and state officials? IS IT TRUE we are told that when it comes to State government monitoring grants awarded to some schools receiving school vouchers, Republican legislators are bucking their responsibility?IS IT TRUE  in repeated attempts by some State Legislators to learn how to properly monitor certain schools that receive State vouchers have failed? Any comments posted in this column do not represent the views or opinions of the City-County Observer or our advertisers. IS IT TRUE it looks like Mayor Winnecke just painted himself in a political corner when he asks City Council to approve his hiring of an out-of-the-area consulting firm to study the Zoning Codes of Vanderburgh County at the costs of $250,000?  …his request was approved 9-0?  …we are told that several people were puzzled why the Mayor ask City Council to approve the consulting firm request since the legal agreement has already been approved by him?IS IT TRUE we are told that numerous people feel that Mayor Winnenecke could have saved thousands of dollars of our tax money by appointing a “Blue Ribbon” study committee to look at ways to improve some of our outdated Zoning Codes?last_img read more

UK bread prices stay low in world rankings

first_imgThe UK remains one of the cheapest countries in the world to buy bread, with prices in London and Manchester on a par with those in Lagos, Nigeria and Bangkok, Thailand.According to the latest figures from the Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU), just released exclusively to British Baker, London was 84th cheapest (83rd last year) out of the 128 countries where the EIU monitors bread prices. Manchester was even lower down the table, ranked at 101.Mystery shoppers for the EIU found that an average kilo of bread cost £1.80 in London and £1.36 in Manchester. Supermarket prices in those two cities were £1.53 and 94p respectively. That compares with an average price of £1.42/kg in Bangkok and £1.78/kg in Lagos.The latest Worldwide Cost of Living survey, conducted in March, also shows Caracas in Venezuela was the most expensive place in the world to buy bread, with an average kilo costing £5.85. But survey editor Jon Copestake warned: “Caracas’ position is largely because it fixes exchange rates and the government rate doesn’t reflect the real (or black market) rate.”Honolulu, in Hawaii was the second most expensive city in the world for bread, at £5.78/kg, with Austria, Japan, the US, France and Russia also in the Top 10.The capital of Iran, Tehran, remained the cheapest place in the world to buy bread, as in the 2008 survey. An average kilo cost just 26p this time.Copestake commented: “I’d say that bread prices in local currency have tended not to move a great deal this time around, so currency strength or weakness is a key driver, especially given the slowdown in inflation and deflation taking place around the world thanks to the econo-mic downturn.”The EIU sends mystery shoppers to buy bread and 159 other staples in 128 cities twice a year, in March and September. Results are then collated and published in the survey. Shoppers visit three bands of retailers – classed as low, medium and high. For bread, the ‘low’ classification covers supermarket chains, ‘medium’ includes top-end food retailers, such as Marks & Spencer, and ‘high’ covers boutique shops and department store food halls. Shoppers calculate the cost of a kilo of bread in each style of outlet. Prices in local currencies are then converted into dollars.last_img read more

Peter’s sees slice sales rise

first_imgSales of pastry manufacturer Peter’s slices have increased by 60% following the launch of its Premier Slice Range in November, the firm revealed.Peter’s said the range has “smashed sales targets”, with slices in Tesco stores across Wales up by 108%.“This is the most successful product launch we have ever had and it proves that the time we spent perfecting the recipes and packaging to appeal to a wider audience has really paid off,” commented marketing director James Osgood.The range features eight varietes including Spicy Chicken Fajita and Chilli Beef, and has been designed for eating on the go. The firm said sales of Peter’s existing slice ranges have also grown – up 52% this year.last_img